您的位置:考研教育网>  > 考研英语 > 复习指导 正文

闪光点设置让你的英语作文脱颖而出

中国教育在线   2010-08-03 08:37 【 】【我要纠错

  作文是各类英语考试中得分较低的一种题型,究其原因,除了平时缺少练习之外,同学们还缺乏作文抓分技巧。同学们需要掌握一定的作文模板,除此之外,如果能在作文中设置一些词汇和句型的闪光点,必定使你的作文如虎添翼。

  高分作文标志:

  1、是否长短句交叉;2、是否会使用插入语;3、用词是否多样、准确、形象,尽量使用能够吸引阅卷老师眼球的闪光词;4、关键词是否换用,切勿老用重复词;5、句型使用是否准确、地道。

  下面给出写好一篇作文的注意事项:

  1.适当用被动替换主动,这样能更客观地反映事实。句子开头不要总是用we / I (比如写结尾时不用we should pay attention to而用Attention should be paid to. )举个经典结尾的例子:It is ,therefore, high time that some applicable approaches were implemented by the service industry like that. By doing so,its competitive edge will be sharpened effectively.

  2.善于使用插入语,比如说把副词、连接词等,作为插入语放在中间,一般放在主语、动词或者助动词后,两边分别加上逗号。如however / therefore /for example/I believe做插入语放在中间,一般放在动词、助动词后,两边分别加上逗号。举例如下:Other individuals, however, take the attitude that…

  3.一定要学会换词,换形象,具体的替换太宽泛的。(考试中一般不要出现good, bad , many, thing, think, people, opinion等等)比如第一条的例子中,applicable替换proper; approaches替换ways; implement替换carry out; sharpen one‘s competitive edge替换enhance one’s competitiveness(提高某物竞争力)。

  下面举一篇某位同学写的优秀作文的例子,看看他是如何运用各类写作技巧的。这位同学把老师上课讲的各类写作手法,精彩替换和句型都用上了,作文有了很大的提高。

  I never forget the exceedingly thrilling day when my mother bought me a computer as birthday present, which exerted a tremendous fascination on me so that I indulged myself in googling an army of useful information i had expected ,and enjoy a sea of melodious classic music. That night I was sleepless, feeling that the whole world belonged to me.

  exceedingly替换very;(个人认为替换成overwhelmingly更出彩)

  thrilling替换exciting;

  sth. exerts a tremendous fascination on sb替换sb. be interested in sth;

  google替换search;

  an army of替换a lot of.

  The dawn of the new century witnessed the increasing popularity of computers. Coincident with the advancement of science and technology, computers pouring into the current society as a fashion are appealing to growing individuals. It is no exaggeration to say we have been submerged by them, in large measure!

  The dawn of the new century witnessed是一个精彩句型,用来描述在某个时期发生了什么事情;

  Increasing popularity替换more and more popular;

  Coincident with…非常地道的句型,表达“与…一致”的意思,替换With…;

  Advancement替换development;

  Pour into ( flood into / swarm into )替换enter into;

  Current ( currently )替换now;

  Appeal to sb.替换sb. be interested in sth.;

  Growing individuals替换more and more people;

  It is no exaggeration to say经典句型,说某事是毫不夸张的。(it goes without exaggeration that更好)

  For a start, we can, freely, search desired information at any moment . Little by little, our knowledge will be well enriched, and our horizons will be greatly broadened. Additionally, we can get huge recreations online by chatting, playing games, or delivering email.

  For a start替换To begin with;

  We can, freely, search用了插入语的写作手法;

  our knowledge will be well enriched, and our horizons will be greatly broadened.用了非常精彩的被动;

  Additionally替换In addition / Besides;

  Deliver替换send.

  There is no denying that , however, computers can function in the disservice of human beings, in a way, especially the growing violence ,***, porn pictures, AV-films emerging on the screen , which leads quiet a few net citizens to copying.

  There is no denying that , however, computers can function in the disservice of human beings,这个句子有三个精彩之处,首先There is no denying that这个句型;其次however作为插入语;再次,function in the disservice of替换do harm to.

  Emerging替换appearing ( fading替换disappearing );

  Net citizen网民,属于精彩用词。(直接用netizen更好)

  As a classic proverb goes that no garden has no weeds. Computers do play a positive role in the development of people' lives, despite a slice of unfavorable impacts. We should ,therefore, take advantage of the fruits and avoid the opposite facet.

  No garden has no weeds替换Every coin has two sides;

  Computers do play,使用do表示强调;

  Positive替换important / good等;

  A slice of替换a part of;

  Unfavorable替换bad;

  Impacts替换effects / influences;

  We should, therefore, take advantage of…使用插入语;

  Fruits (而且fruits用的非常形象,merits/ virtues)替换advantage ( defects替换disadvantage );

  Facet替换aspect.

  以下是45个最经典的替换词,各位同学可以参考一下:

  1.individuals,characters, folks替换people ,persons.

  2.positive, favorable, rosy (美好的),promising (有希望的),perfect, pleasurable , excellent, outstanding, superior替换good.

  3.dreadful, unfavorable, poor, adverse, ill (有害的)替换bad(如果bad做表语,可以有be less impressive替换。)

  eg.An army of college students indulge themselves in playing games, enjoying romance with girls/boys or killing time passively in their dorms. When it approaches to graduation ,as a result, they find their academic records are less impressive.

  4.an army of, an ocean of, a sea of, a multitude of ,a host of, many, if not most替换many.

  注:用many, if not most一定要小心,many后一定要有词。

  Eg. Many individuals, if not most, harbor the idea that…。同理用most, if not all ,替换most.

  5.a slice of, quiet a few替换some.

  6.harbor the idea that, take the attitude that, hold the view that, it is widely shared that, it is universally acknowledged that替换think (因为是书面语,所以要加that)。

  7.affair ,business ,matter替换thing.

  8.shared代common .

  9.reap huge fruits替换get many benefits.

  10.for my part ,from my own perspective替换in my opinion.

  11.Increasing(ly),growing替换more and more(注意没有growingly这种形式。所以当修饰名词时用increasing/growing.修饰形容词,副词用increasingly.)

  Eg.sth has gained growing popularity. Sth is increasingly popular with the advancement of sth.

  12.little if anything或little or nothing替换hardly.

  13.beneficial, rewarding替换helpful.

  14.shopper,client,consumer,purchaser替换customer.

  15.overwhelmingly,exceedingly,extremely, intensely替换very.

  16.hardly necessary, hardly inevitable ……替换unnecessary, avoidable.

  17.indispensable替换necessary

  18.sth appeals to sb, sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb替换sb take interest in / sb. be interested in.

  19.capture one's attention替换attract one's attention.

  20.facet,demension,sphere代aspect.

  21.be indicative of ,be suggestive of ,be fearful of代indicate, suggest ,fear.

  22.give rise to, lead to, result in, trigger替换cause.

  23. There are several reasons behind sth替换……reasons for sth.

  24.desire替换want.

  25.pour attention into替换pay attention to.

  26.bear in mind that替换remember.

  27. enjoy, possess替换have(注意process是过程的意思)。

  28. interaction替换communication.

  29.frown on sth替换be against , disagree with sth .

  30.to name only a few, as an example替换for example, for instance.

  31. next to / virtually impossible替换nearly / almost impossible.

  32.regarding/concerning替换about.

  33.crucial/paramount替换important.

  34.第一(in the first place/the first and foremost);第二(there is one more point ,I should touch on, that…。);第三(the last but not the least)。

  35. assiduous替换hard-working

  36. arduous替换difficult

  37.underdeveloped/financially-challenged替换poor(因为poor通常含有贬义)

  38. demonstrate /manifest替换show

  39. invariably替换always

  40. perilous/hazardous替换dangerous(写社会类作文时常用,说什么社会现象是不好的,有害的)

  41. formidable替换difficult

  42. quintessential替换typical(举例时常用,例如:a quintessential example should be cited that=for example; for instance)

  43. distinguished替换famous

  44. feasible替换possible

  45. consequently, accordingly替换so

◇ 编辑推荐
·2016年考研调剂信息汇总(更新中)
·2016年考研国家线
·2017考研网上辅导招生简章
 考研教育网官方微信

微信公众账号cnedu_cn

 网上辅导课程特色
  • 即报即学
  • 名师团队
  • 反复看课
  • 在线答疑
  • 移动教学
  • 讲义下载
  • 课后练习
  • 模拟测试
 24小时报名咨询
考研网上辅导课程 精品班 实验班
学费 购买 学费 购买
公共课 政 治 1500元 购买 3500元 购买
英 语 1500元 购买 3500元 购买
数 学 1500元 购买 3500元 购买
专业课 考研名师编写,网校独创考研管理类、法律类、教育等专业课电子书正在热卖!