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考研英语阅读理解真题分析(2)

考研教育网   2010-12-03 08:52 【 】【我要纠错

  2000年52题:The loss of U.S.predominance in the world economy in the 1980s is manifested in the fact that the American.

  [A]TV industry had withdrawn to its domestic market

  [B]semiconductor industry had been taken over by foreign enterprises

  [C]machine_tool industry had collapsed after suicidal actions

  [D]auto industry had lost part of its domestic market

  [正确答案]D

  “80年代美国失去在全球经济的主导地位由美国的汽车工业失去部分国内市场这一事实体现出来。”

  圈点原文:By the mid 1980s Americans had found themselves at a loss over their fading industrial competitiveness. Some huge American industries, such as consumer electronics, had shrunk or vanished in the face of foreign competition. By 1987 there was only one American television maker left, Zenith (Now there is none: Zenith was bought by South Korea's LG Electronics in July)。 Foreign_made cars and textiles were sweepingsintosthe domestic market.

  “到20世纪80年代中期,面对其工业竞争力的日益衰退,美国人感到无计可施。一些大型的工业如电子消费品面对外国竞争已萎缩或消失。到1987年美国只剩下一个电视制造商:现在一个都没有了,7月韩国的LG电子公司买下了Zenith公司。进口汽车和纺织品迅速占领了国内市场。”文章说进口汽车占领国内市场,反过来就是国产汽车工业失去了一部分国内市场,D选项与之内容一致。

  “关键词替换”是出现最频繁的命题方式,几乎每年都有一些用这种方式设置的题目。

  1999年55题:We learn from the beginning of the passage that Web business.

  [A]has been striving to expand its market

  [B]intended to follow a fanciful fashion

  [C]tried but in vain to control the market

  [D]has been booming for one year or so

  [正确答案]A

  “从文章开头我们得知网络经济正在力争扩展市场。”对应原文:In the first year or so of Web business, most of the action has revolved around efforts to tap the consumer market.“在网络经济的头一年左右,大多数的行动与致力于开发买方市场有关。”strive替换原文中的efforts,expand替换原文中的tap.

  1999年62题:According to the author, basic computer skills should be.

  [A]included as an auxiliary course in school

  [B]highlighted in acquisition of professional qualifications

  [C]mastered through a life_long course

  [D]equally emphasized by any school, vocational or otherwise

  [正确答案]A

  “根据作者所说基础的计算机技能在学校中应设为辅修课程。”对应原文:In any case, basic computer skills are only complementary to the host of real skills that are necessary to becoming any kind of professional. auxiliary替换complementary.

  “关键词替换”这一方式不仅用于设置选项,还可以用于设置题干。

  例如:2000年61题:Futurists claim that we must.

  [A]increase the production of literature

  [B]use poetry to relieve modern stress

  [C]develop new modes of expression

  [D]avoid using adjectives and verbs

  [正确答案]C

  “未来派诗人声称我们必须发展新的表达方式。”对应原文:This speeding up of life, says the Futurist, receives a new form of expression.题干中的claim替换原文中的say,而选项中的mode则替换原文中的form.命题专家常常采用“语言简化”、“反话正说”、“正话反说”、“关键词替换”这四种方式设置考题,对考生进行干扰。考生在了解这些方式后,就可以反其道而行之,利用这四种命题方式来检查所选选项是否与原文重叠。

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