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2006考研英语完形填空解析

考研教育网   2010-11-23 14:49 【 】【我要纠错

    「2006年真题」

    Directions:Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

    Paragraph 1 The homeless make up a growing percentage of America's population.点评:第一句为主题句。句子结构为:The homeless, make up, a growing percentage, of America's population. 注意到主语The homeless代表一类用法,即"the + a."表示一类人,一群人。

    ___1___, homelessness has reached such proportions that local governments can't possibly ___2___. 1.[A] Indeed  [B] Likewise  [C] Therefore  [D] Furthermore [答疑编号1000020301]「参考答案」A「答案解析」首句的意思是陈述事实,逗号后面的句子对这个事实做进一步的阐述,因此应该选用indeed. 2.[A] stand  [B] cope    [C] approve   [D] retain [答疑编号1000020302]「参考答案」B「答案解析」流浪汉问题已经到达如此严重的程度以至于当地政府不能……。自然联想到了应对这种词,因此B选项入选。至于A选项,不是不能忍受,身为政府要考虑能不能应对一个问题,而不是能不能忍受一个问题。

    To help homeless people ___3___ independence, the federal government must support job training programs, ___4___ the minimum wage, and fund more low-cost housing. 3.[A] in    [B] for   [C] with  [D] toward [答疑编号1000020303]「参考答案」D「答案解析」考虑这句话的意思,应该是帮助流浪者获得独立,而其余三个选项里只有D选项有向……转变的意思,其余的选项都没有这层意思,因此D入选。

    4.[A] raise   [B] add   [C] take  [D] keep [答疑编号1000020304]「参考答案」A「答案解析」由前后文可看出,联邦政府只有增加最低收入,才能改善流浪者的问题。因此答案为A.add表示"增加"为不及物动词,要与介词to连用。

    Paragraph 2 ___5___ everyone agrees on the number of Americans who are homeless. 5.[A] Generally  [B] Almost  [C] Hardly  [D] Not [答疑编号1000020305]「参考答案」D「答案解析」由后面的句子可以看出,流浪者的数字是不准确的。所以该句应该是并非所有人都同意这个数字。自然应该用not这个词。

    Estimates ___6___ anywhere from 600,000 to 3 million. 6.[A] cover  [B] change  [C] range  [D] differ [答疑编号1000020306]「参考答案」C「答案解析」此处考察range from…to…这个用法,表示从……到……不同。

    ___7___ the figure may vary, analysts do agree on another matter: that the number of the homeless is ___8___. 7.[A] Now that  [B] Although  [C] Provided  [D] Except that [答疑编号1000020307]「参考答案」B「答案解析」由后面的句子可以看出,do表示强调,也就是说后面的句子与逗号前的句子是转折关系,尤其是前面句子中的may更可看出是让步转折。因此在四个选项中只有B选项是转折关系。

    8.[A] inflating  [B] expanding  [C] increasing [D] extending [答疑编号1000020308]「参考答案」C「答案解析」由前后文可看出,流浪者的人数是在不断增长的,这也是作者力图表现的事实。因此C选项入选。A选项多指通货膨胀,一般不形容number.B选项和D选项也一般不修饰number. One of the federal government's studies ___9___ that the number of the homeless will reach nearly 19 million by the end of this decade. 9.[A] predicts  [B] displays  [C] proves  [D] discovers [答疑编号1000020309]「参考答案」A「答案解析」由该句的意思可看出,到这个十年末,应该指的是未来要发生的事,因此要用预测这个词。

    Paragraph 2 Finding ways to ___10___ this growing homeless population has become increasingly difficult. 10.[A] assist  [B] track  [C] sustain  [D] dismiss [答疑编号1000020310]「参考答案」A「答案解析」由该句的意思可看出,要( )越来越多的流浪者越来越难。于是想到应该填入帮助,解决之类的词汇。A选项符合。

    ___11___ when homeless individuals manage to find a ___12___ that will give them three meals a day and a place to sleep at night, a good number still spend the bulk of each day ___13___ the street. 11.[A] Hence   [B] But    [C] Even   [D] Only [答疑编号1000020311]「参考答案」C「答案解析」由后文可看出,逗号的前后是让步假设关系,即使能做到前面的,也会发生后面的事情。于是应该用even. 12.[A] lodging  [B] shelter  [C] dwelling [D] house [答疑编号1000020312]「参考答案」B「答案解析」虽然四个选项都是指住处,但是为流浪者提供的应该是一些简陋的避处,所以用shelter比较合适。

    13.[A] searching [B] strolling [C] crowding [D] wandering [答疑编号1000020313]「参考答案」D「答案解析」strolling强调的是轻松的溜达之类的做法,显然不适合流浪者。而wandering指的是无目的的徘徊,符合流浪者的特性。

    Part of the problem is that many homeless adults are addicted to alcohol or drugs. And a significant number of the homeless have serious mental disorders. Many others, ___14___ not addicted or mentally ill, simply lack the everyday ___15___ skills needed to turn their lives ___16___. 14.[A] when  [B] once    [C] while   [D] whereas [答疑编号1000020314]「参考答案」C「答案解析」本题考查连词的用法,not addicted or mentally ill与前面提到过的相对应,因此对于前句属于并列关系,但是对于后面的句子又构成了让步假设关系,因此此处应该用虽然这个连词。答案为C.D选项虽然也有虽然的意思,但是由于此处没有引导从句,故不能使用。

    15.[A] life  [B] existence  [C] survival  [D] maintenance [答疑编号1000020315]「参考答案」C「答案解析」此处的意思是需要一种能力,用来改变他们的生活,自然联想到了是生存能力。因此C选项入选。

    16.[A] around [B] over    [C] on     [D] up [答疑编号1000020316]「参考答案」A「答案解析」意思为:他们缺乏生存技能来改变自己的生活。

    Boston Globe reporter Chris Reidy notes that the situation will improve only when there are ___17___ programs that address the many needs of the homeless. 17.[A] complex [B] comprehensive [C] complementary [D] compensating [答疑编号1000020317]「参考答案」B「答案解析」由前文可知流浪者有多种需求,因此他们的问题需要一个全面的综合的解决方案。所以B选项入选。

    ___18___ Edward Zlotkowski, director of community service at Bentley College in Massachusetts, ___19___ it, "There has to be ___20___ of programs. What's needed is a package deal." 18.[A] So     [B] Since    [C] As     [D] Thus [答疑编号1000020318]「参考答案」C「答案解析」As在本句中表示"正如"的意思。

    19.[A] puts    [B] interprets  [C] assumes  [D] makes [答疑编号1000020319]「参考答案」A「答案解析」it指代的是后面的句子,而后面的观点是一个全新的观点,因此应该用提出该观点,而不是解释该观点。

    20.[A] supervision [B] manipulation [C] regulation [D] coordination [答疑编号1000020320]「参考答案」D「答案解析」看题目所在句子,意思是需要各项计划之间不得不……,既然主语是各项计划,那么他们相互之间能发生的事情不外乎是协调之类,D选项入选。

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