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考研英语写作整体模式

东方网   2010-11-23 10:38 【 】【我要纠错

  考研英语写作的文章一般包括一个开头段、若干扩展段和一个结尾段。开头段和结尾段一般比扩展段短。各种段落的作用、特点和写作方法如下所示。

  一、开头段

  开头段一定要语言精练,并且直接切入主题。开头段一般不对主题进行深入的探讨,具体的论证或叙述应该在扩展段进行。

  开头段的常用核心句型:

  1.The arguer may be right about…, but he seems to neglect(fail)to mention(takes into account)the fact that…。

  2.As opposed to(Contrary to)widely(commonly / generally)held(accepted)belief(ideas / views), I believe(argue)that…

  3.Although many people believe that…, I doubt(wonder)whether the argument bears much analysis(close examination)。

  4.The advantages of B outweigh any benefit we gained from(carry more weight than those of / are much greater than)A.

  5.Although it is commonly(widely / generally)held(felt / accepted / agreed)that…, it is unlikely to be true that…。

  6.There is an element of truth in this argument(statement), but it ignores a deeper and more basic(important / essential)fact(reason)that…。

  7.It is true that(True, / To be sure, / Admittedly,)…, but this is not to say(it is unlikely / it doesn‘t follow / it doesn’t mean / it won‘t be the case)that…。

  8.The main(obvious / great)problem(flaw / drawback)with(in)this argument(view / remark)is that it is ignorant of(blind to)the basic(bare)fact that…。

  9.It would be possible(natural / reasonable)to think(believe / take the view)that…, but it would be absurd(wrong)to claim(argue)that…。

  10.In all the discussion and debate over…, one important(basic)fact is generally overlooked(neglected)。

  11.There is absolutely(in fact)no(every)reason for us to believe(accept / resist / reject)that…。

  12.Logical(Valid / Sound)as this argument and I wholeheartedly agree with it, it appears insignificant(absurd)when…is taken into consideration(account)。

  13.To assume(suggest)that…is far from being proved(to miss the point)。

  14.A close(careful)inspection(examination / scrutiny)of this argument would reveal how flimsy(groundless /fallacious)it is.

  15.On the surface(At first thought), it(this)may seem a sound(an attractive)suggestion(solution / idea), but careful weighing on the mind(on closer analysis / on second thought), we find that…

  16.Too much emphasis placed on(attention paid to / importance attached to)…may obscure(overlook / neglect)other facts…。

  17.The danger(problem / fact / truth / point)is that…。

  18.What the arguer fails to understand(consider / mention)is that…。

  19.However just(logical / sound / valid)this argument may be, it only skims the surface of the problem.

  20.Among the most convincing(important)reasons given(cited / offered / identified)by people for…, one should be stressed(emphasized / mentioned)。

  21.As far as I am concerned, however, I believe that…。

  22.I believe that the title statement is valid because(of)…。

  23.I agree with the above statement because I believe that…。

  24.Although I appreciate that…, I cannot agree with the title statement.

  25.There is a public controversy nowadays over the issue of…。 Those who object to…argue that…。 But people who favor…, on the other hand, argue that…。

  26.Currently(In recent years / In the past few years / For many years now), there is(has been)a(n)general(widespread / growing / widely held)feeling towards(concern over / attitude towards / trend towards / awareness of / realization of / illusion of / belief in)…。

  27.Now it is commonly(widely / generally / increasingly)believed(thought / held / accepted/ felt / recognized / acknowledged)that…。 But I wonder(doubt)whether…。

  28.These days we are often told that(often hear about)…, but is this really the case?

  二、中间段

  中间段是文章的正文,其作用是从不同的层面对文章主题进行具体和详实的解释和论证。

  1、中间段的一般特征

  ①篇幅一般比开头段和结尾段长。

  ②每段有相应的主题句。

  ③包含定义、解释、描写,说明主题思想的扩展句可以采用实例、数据或个人经历等写作手段。

  ④不同种类的段落采用不同的扩展手段。

  2.中间段的常用核心句型:

  1.Although the popular belief is that…, a current(new / recent)study(survey / poll / investigation)indicates(shows / demonstrates)that…。

  2.Common sense tells us that…。

  3.The increase(change / failure / success)in…mainly(largely / partly)results from(arises from / is because of)…。

  4.The increase(change / failure / success)in…is due to(owing to / attributable to)the fact that…。

  5.Many people would claim that…。

  6.One may attribute(ascribe / owe)the increase(decrease / change)to…, but…is not by itself an adequate explanation.

  7.One of the reasons given for…is that…。

  8.What is also worth noticing is that…。

  9.There are many(different / several /a number of / a variety of)causes(reasons)for this dramatic(marked / significant)growth(change / decline / increase)in…。 First,…。 Second,…。 Finally,…。

  10.There is no evidence to suggest that…。

  11.Why are(is / do / did)…? For one thing,…。 For another,…。

  12.Another reason why I dispute the above statement is that…。

  13.It gives rise to(lead to / bring /create)a host of problems(consequences)。

  14.There are numerous reasons why…, and I shall here explore only a few of the most important ones.

  15.It will exert(have / produce)profound(far-reaching / remarkable / considerable / beneficial / favorable / undesirable / disastrous)effect(influence)on…。

  16.A multitude of factors could account for(contribute to / lead to / result in / influence)the change(increase / decrease / success / failure / development)in…。

  17.In 2000, it increased(rose / jumped / shot up)from 5 to 10 percent of the total(to 15 percent / by 15 percent)。

  18.By comparison with 2002, it decreased(dropped / fell)from 10 to 5 percent(to 15 percent / by 15 percent)。

  19.It accounts for 15 percent of the total.

  20.There were 100 traffic accidents in April, an increase of 5 percent in a five-month period.

  21.By 2002, only(less than / more than / almost / about / over/ as many as)three quarters(40 percent of / one out of five / one in four)college population(graduates / housewives)as against(as compared with)last year(2002)preferred to(liked)…。 22.With the development(improvement / rise / growth / general recognition / acknowledgement / realization)of…, vast changes awaits this country‘s society.

  23.Now people in growing(ever-increasing / significant)numbers are beginning(coming / getting)to believe(realize / recognize / understand / accept / see / be aware)that…。

  24.According to a(n)recent(new / official)study(survey / report / poll),…。

  25.History(Our society)is filled(abounds)with the examples of…。

  26.The story(case / instance / situation)is not rare(isolated / unique), it is one of many examples(typical of dozens)。

  27.A(one)recent(new / general / nationwide)study(survey / poll / investigation)conducted(taken)at a university by(officials / scientists / experts)indicates(reveals / suggests / shows / proves / demonstrates)that…。

  28.According to(As can be seen in / As is shown in)the figures(statistics / findings / data / graph / table)released(provided)by the government(an institute), it can be learned(seen / predicted)that…。

  29.There is(no)good(every / little / sufficient / considerable / strong)evidence(proof)to

  30.Personal experience(Examples I heard / read of)leads me to conclude that…。

  31.We must admit the undeniable fact that…。

  32.No one can deny(ignore / doubt / overlook / obscure / brush aside)the fact that…。

  33.Experience(Evidence)suggests(shows)that…。

  34.Take for example…who(that)…。

  35.The same is true of…。

  36.As the saying goes,“…。”

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