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2008年考研英语二完形填空复习辅导

考研教育网   2010-11-23 16:15 【 】【我要纠错
2008年真题】
  Directions:
  Read the following text. Choose the best words for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. 10 points

  Paragraph 1
  The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name.
  【点评】这句话有两个难点:hypotheses (复数名词)的意思假设dare not speak its name是一个成语,意思是不敢公开说明,即有很多假设,但是没有人敢公开提出来。从句that dare not speak its name 为定语从句。
  But Gregory Cochran is __1__ to say it anyway.
  1.[A] selected  [B] prepared  [C] obliged  [D] pleased
  [答疑编号1000020501]
  『参考答案』B
  『答案解析』本题目选择动词过去分词形式,构成be…to的结构,在句子中充当谓语。选项A. selected选择;B. prepared准备;C. obliged迫使,责成;D. pleased高兴。前边相邻句子The idea that some people may be more intelligent than others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name. “一些人比另一些人聪明,这一观点一直是人们不敢明确提出来的假设之一。本题所在句子由But一词引导,在句义上与前一句相反,即打算或准备说了,故选B
  He is that __2__ bird, a scientist who works independently __3__ any institution.
  2.[A] unique  [B] particular  [C] special  [D] rare
  [答疑编号1000020502]
  『参考答案』D
  『答案解析』本题目选择形容词,在句子中充当定语。选项A. unique独一无二的;B. particular特殊的,特别的;C. special特殊的;D. rare珍惜的,罕见的,珍贵的。rare birds意为稀世珍品,旷世奇才,罕见人(物) Gregory Cochran打破常规,准备说了,因此像是出头鸟
  3.[A] of  [B] with  [C] in  [D] against
  [答疑编号1000020503]
  『参考答案』A
  『答案解析』independent其后应搭配of,意为独立于,不依赖于。还应注意dependent后面还可搭配on,但意为依赖于,依靠于
  He helped popularize the idea that some diseases not __4__ thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections, which aroused much controversy when it was first suggested.
  4.[A] subsequently  [B] presently  [C] previously  [D] lately
  [答疑编号1000020504]
  『参考答案』C
  『答案解析』本题目选择副词,在句子中充当状语。分析本句结构可以看出:that引导的是同位语从句,说明idea的内容,从句中some diseases not…thought to have a bacterial cause是主语部分,谓语是were actually infections,而后面which引导的非限制性定语从句是修饰the idea这个名词的。解本题的关键词是actually “实际上,隐含转折之意,即过去的看法和实际情况不同。选项A. subsequently随后;B. presently当前;C. previously先前;D. lately近来,最近。为了与本句子中的“actually,实际上相互呼应,要体现时间上的先后交替关系。因此,正确答案为C

  Paragraph 2
  __5__ he, however, might tremble at the __6__ of what he is about to do.
  5.[A] Only  [B] So  [C] Even  [D] Hence
  [答疑编号1000020505]
  『参考答案』C
  『答案解析』由本句中的however可知,虽然如此,一想到他即将要做的,他本人也会有点战战兢兢even符合逻辑关系,sohence表示因果关系,与前文所述无内在的逻辑关系。
  6.[A] thought  [B] sight  [C] cost  [D] risk
  [答疑编号1000020506]
  『参考答案』A
  『答案解析』at和四个选项中的名词都可搭配,但意思相去甚远。选项A. at the thought of一想到……B. at the sight of一看到……C. at the cost of……为代价;D. at the risk of……的风险。根据句意,正确答案为A
  Together with another two scientists, he is publishing a paper which not only __7__ that one group of humanity is more intelligent than the others, but explains the process that has brought this about.
  7.[A] advises  [B] suggests  [C] protests  [D] objects
  [答疑编号1000020507]
  『参考答案』B
  『答案解析』本题目选择动词,在句子中充当谓语。选项A. advise建议;B. suggest提出;暗示,建议;C. protest……提出异议;D. object反对。从本题所在的句意可以看出,B正确。
  The group in __8__ are a particular people originated from central Europe. The process is natural selection.
  8.[A] progress  [B] fact  [C] need  [D] question
  [答疑编号1000020508]

    『参考答案』D
  『答案解析』本题目选择介词短语,在句子中充当定语,修饰前面的the group。选项A. in progress……的进程中;B. in fact事实上;C. in need在危难(急)中;D. in question讨论中的;考虑中的。前句提到人类某些人的平均智商要高一些,词句衔接上一句,由此可知空格处要表达的是正在被讨论的这个群体。选项D符合句意。

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