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考研名师详解2009年考研英语完形填空真题

考研教育网   2009-10-24 09:47 【 】【我要纠错

  Directions:

  Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

  Paragraph 1

  Research on animal intelligence always makes me wonder just how smart humans are.

  【点评】"对动物智能的研究总是让我很好奇人类究竟有多聪明"。

  补充:wonder 【vt.】想知道,好奇,如I wonder if…。Wonder后为宾语从句。

  【n.】No wonder 不足为奇。

   1   the fruit-fly experiments described in Carl Zimmer's piece in the Science Times on Tuesday.

  1. [A] Suppose  [B] Consider  [C] Observe  [D] Imagine

  【点评】1空后是一个名词短语,described in…是过去分词作定语修饰experiments(试验),结合上句,即主题句的核心词research 研究,可以知道这里的试验就是为了研究动物智能,所以是举例子。英语中动词+n能够独立成句表示举例,只有两个用法:consider + n., Take …for example。所以,答案是____。

  其余词的意思…,注意observe 还有"遵守"的意思,也是考点。

  Fruit flies who were taught to be smarter than the average fruit fly  2  to live shorter lives.

  2. [A] tended  [B] feared  [C] happened  [D] threatened

  【点评】重要考点tend to,who 引导定语从句。能够与to搭配的有tend, happen,用法完全不一样,举例:A great idea happened to me at that moment.那时,我碰巧有一个好主意。答案选____。

  This suggests that  3   bulbs burn longer, that there is an 4  in not being too terrifically bright.

  3. [A] thinner [B] stabler [C] lighter [D] dimmer

  4. [A] tendency [B] advantage [C] inclination [D] priority

  【点评】联系上句,"越聪明的果蝇寿命越短",那___灯泡用的时间更长,不难理解,应该是越不亮的灯泡,所以,答案选____。

  第4空后有个词bright意思是"明亮的,聪明的",其实这个词的用法是"一语双关","灯泡不那么亮未必是坏事,还可能是优势;果蝇不那么聪明不见得就很糟糕",因此答案是___。其他几个词的意思分别是:_____。

  Paragraph 2

  Intelligence, it  5 , is a high-priced option.

  5. [A] insists on  [B] sums up  [C] turns out  [D] puts forward

  【点评】固定用法"It turns out (to be that…)"。

  句子意思是"…."

  It takes more upkeep, burns more fuel and is slow  6  the starting line because it depends on learning-a  7  process-instead of instinct.

  6. [A] off  [B] behind  [C] over  [D] along

  7. [A] incredible  [B] spontaneous  [C]inevitable  [D] gradual

  【点评】第6空四个介词的本质涵义需要弄清楚,off 离开,behind在…之后,over在…之上,along 沿着…,满足题意的是___,意思是:….。

  解决第7空需要注意到instead of …,这是一个相反对比,解题时需要充分利用。既然不是本能,那就应该是一个循序渐进的过程,所以答案是____。

  四个单词的意思分别是:…。

  Plenty of other species are able to learn, and one of the things they've apparently learned is when to  8  .

  8. [A] fight  [B] doubt  [C] stop  [D] think

  【点评】"聪明的果蝇不停地学习",其他大量物种与其不一样的就是学会"停下来"。答案是____。

  Paragraph 3

  Is there an adaptive value to  9  intelligence? That's the question behind this new research. I like it.

  9. [A] invisible  [B] limited  [C] indefinite  [D] different

  【点评】既然不那么聪明(有限智能)是有好处的,那么有限智能是否有相应的价值呢?所以答案是____,也是05年真题的正确答案。

  Instead of casting a wistful glance  10  at all the species we've left in the dust I.Q.-wise, it implicitly asks what the real  11  of our own intelligence might be.

  10. [A] upward  [B] forward  [C] afterward  [D] backward

  11. [A] features  [B] influences  [C] results  [D] costs

  【点评】"而不是把…抛在脑后…",这里应该有一个behind,但是10空的四个选项没有,最接近的就是_____。

  -ward:表示方向

  11.空比较难,因为要考虑到上文提到过"聪明是一个需要付出高额代价的选择",所以这里选一个词与price近义即可,答案是____。

  This is  12  the mind of every animal I've ever met.

  12. [A] outside  [B] on  [C] by  [D] across

  【点评】"记在心上",在…上,比较容易得到答案是_____。

  Paragraph 4

  Research on animal intelligence also makes me wonder what experiments animals would  13  on humans if they had the chance.

  13. [A] deliver  [B] carry  [C] perform  [D] apply

  【点评】考查what引导的宾语从句里,动词与experiments的搭配,做试验,答案是_____。注意:carry out = perform。

  Every cat with an owner,  14  , is running a small-scale study in operant conditioning.

  14. [A] by chance  [B] in contrast  [C] as usual  [D] for instance

  【点评】上一句提到对动物只能的研究,该句提到具体的动物cat,显然是举例说明,所以答案是____。

  we believe that  15  animals ran the labs, they would test us to  16  the limits of our patience, our faithfulness, our memory for terrain.

  15. [A] if  [B] unless  [C] as  [D] lest

  16. [A] moderate  [B] overcome  [C] determine  [D] reach

  【点评】注意到that 从句里的虚拟语气,…., would….,所以答案是____。

  "动物试验我们人类(if…),为了___我们的耐心、忠诚、对地势的记忆",试验的目的就是要看看我们有多少耐心等,所以,答案是_____。

  They would try to decide what intelligence in humans is really  17  , not merely how much of it there is.

  17. [A] at  [B] for  [C] after  [D] with

  【点评】本句的to decide 反过来证明16空的正确性。

  "..决定人类的智能有何目的,不仅仅是要知道有多少智能",考一个搭配"what…for",答案是____。

  18 , they would hope to study a  19  question: Are humans actually aware of the world they live in?

  18. [A] Above all  [B] After all  [C] However  [D] Otherwise

  19. [A] fundamental  [B] comprehensive  [C] equivalent  [D] hostile

  【点评】18空后面的句子结构"…would hope to…",与上文的"would try to…"一脉相承,前后是一个递进关系,所以,四个选项_______中,选____。

  19.空纯粹测试四个单词的意思_____,答案是_____。

   20  the results are inconclusive.

  20. [A] By accident  [B] In time  [C] So far  [D] Better still

  【点评】整个这篇文章都在讲动物智能的研究,做了很多假设,结论怎样呢?

  四个字——尚无定论!因为到文章的最后,仍然只是假设而已。所以,答案选____。

  Conclude, conclusion, conclusive

  Include, inclusion, inclusive

  Exclude, exclusion, exclusive

  Decide, decision, decisive

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