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考研教育网   2011-01-07 15:27 【 】【我要纠错

Section I Use of English

  Directions:Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

  In 1924 America's National Research Council sent two engineers to supervise a series of industrial experiments at a large telephone-parts factory called the Hawthorne Plant near Chicago. It hoped they would learn how shop-floor lighting __1__ workers' productivity. Instead, the studies ended __2__ giving their name to the "Hawthorne effect", the extremely influential idea that the very __3__ to being experimented upon changed subjects' behavior. 1. [A] affected [B] achieved [C] extracted [D] restored

  「参考答案」A「答案解析」[A]项 affect 意思是"影响,感动"; [B] achieve意思是"达成,完成"; [C]extract意思是"提取,榨出";[D]restore是"恢复,重建".该句的意思是:他们想通过实验探究车间照明是如何影响工人的生产率的,所以答案是[A].从后面关于工厂女工的描述来看也应该选affect.

  2. [A] at [B] up [C] with [D] off

  「参考答案」B「答案解析」本题考查了固定短语end up 的用法,end up 意思是"最终成为……",end 和其它三个介词的搭配都无此意,故选[B].

  3. [A] truth [B] sight [C] act [D] proof


  The idea arose because of the __4__ behavior of the women in the Hawthorne plant. According to __5__ of the experiments, their hourly output rose when lighting was increased, but also when it was dimmed. It did not __6__ what was done in the experiment; __7__ something was changed, productivity rose. A(n) __8__ that they were being experimented upon seemed to be __9__ to alter workers' behavior __10__ itself. 4. [A] controversial [B] perplexing [C] mischievous [D] ambiguous


  5. [A] requirements [B] explanations [C] accounts [D] assessments

  「参考答案」C「答案解析」本句的含义是:根据研究描述,当照明灯变亮或变暗时,工人的时产量就会提高。四个选项中有描述含义的是[C] accounts.B项的意思是:解释、说明,在这里是要反映实验的状况,而不是解释实验,所以排除。[A]和[D] 项可以直接排除。

  6. [A] conclude [B] matter [C] indicate [D] work

  「参考答案」B「答案解析」这句话的意思是:实验中做什么并不重要。 Do not matter 固定表达,故选B.本句中有个分号,表示前后两部分是解释说明的关系。

  7. [A] as far as [B] for fear that [C] in case that [D] so long as

  「参考答案」D「答案解析」考查so long as 短语,意思是"只有",句子意思是:只要有改变,生产率就会上升,而不管你做了什么。本句中有个分号,表示前后两部分是解释说明的关系,和上一句一起理解。

  8. [A] awareness [B] expectation [C] sentiment [D] illusion

  「参考答案」A「答案解析」A项awareness 意思是"意识",[B]项expectation意为"期望",[C]项sentiment 意为"观点,意见",[D]项illusion 为"幻觉",本句的大意是说:工人知道自己本身是被研究对象,这一意识就足以改变他们自己的行为。所以选[A].

  9. [A] suitable [B] excessive [C] enough [D] abundant


  10. [A] about [B] for [C] on [D] by

  「参考答案」D「答案解析」本句的大意是说:工人知道自己本身是被研究对象,这一意识就足以改变他们自己的行为。by itself:自动地,单独地。

  After several decades, the same data were __11__ to econometric analysis. The Hawthorne experiment has another surprise in store for them. __12__ the descriptions on record, no systematic __13__ was found that levels of productivity were related to changes in lighting. 11. [A] compared [B] shown [C] subjected [D] conveyed

  「参考答案」C「答案解析」be subjected to表示"服从于,与……一致",为固定短语。

  12. [A] Contrary to [B] Consistent with [C] Parallel with [D] Peculiar to

  「参考答案」A「答案解析」contrary to表示"与…相反".上一段说了使人迷惑的事情,而本句所说的使人惊奇的,根据语境提示,空白处应该填入"与……相反".

  13. [A] evidence [B] guidance [C] implication [D] source


  It turns out that peculiar way of conducting the experiments may be have let to ___14____ interpretation of what happed. ___15___, lighting was always changed on a Sunday. When work started again on Monday, output ___16___ rose compared with the previous Saturday and ___17___ to rise for the next couple of days. ___18___, a comparison with data for weeks when there was no experimentation showed that output always went up on Monday, workers ___19___ to be diligent for the first few days of the week in any case, before ___20___ a plateau and then slackening off. This suggests that the alleged "Hawthorne effect" is hard to pin down. 14. [A] disputable [B] enlightening [C] reliable [D] misleading

  「参考答案」D「答案解析」根据题意首先排除[B]项enlightening和[C]项reliable.如果选择A项,则后面应该表达所要争论的观点,把A项排除。[D]项 misleading"欺骗性,误导性的",意思上来看,符合语境所表达的意思,从后面的举例当中可以看出。

  15. [A] In contrast [B] For example [C] In consequence [D] As usual

  「参考答案」B「答案解析」for example,举例说明上句的问题。

  16. [A] duly [B] accidentally [C] unpredictably [D] suddenly


  17. [A] failed [B] ceased [C] started [D] continued

  「参考答案」D「答案解析」根据题意是:每周的第一个工作日和最后一个工作日产量都上升,与前句duly rose呼应,递进说明问题,故应选continue.

  18. [A] Therefore [B] Furthermore [C] However [D] Meanwhile


  19. [A] attempted [B] tended [C] chose [D] intended

  「参考答案」B「答案解析」tend to do sth. 表示"倾向于做某事",符合文意。

  20. [A] breaking [B] climbing [C] surpassing [D] hitting

  「参考答案」D「答案解析」该句表达的意思是"在任何情况下,工人们都倾向于在一周的前几天比较勤奋,但到达了一个顶峰的时候就会松弛下来",因此hit 与a plateau搭配,符合文意"到达顶点,顶峰"的意思。


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