MBA联考英语精彩文章推荐之中级篇(八)

考研教育网论坛   2009-07-01 14:31 【 】【我要纠错

The Improving Economic Situation In Greece

  Greece, economically, is in the black. With very little to export other than such farm products as tobacco, cotton and fruit, the country earns enough from 'invisible earnings' to pay for its needed, growing imports. From the sending out of things the Greeks, earn only $285 million; from tourism, shipping and the remittances of Greeks abroad, the country takes in an additional #375 million and this washes out the almost $400 million by which imports exceed exports.

  It has a balanced budget. Although more than one drachma out of four goes for defense, the government ended a recent year with a slight surplus——$66 million. Greece has a decent reserve of almost a third of a billion dollars in gold and foreign exchange. It has a government not dependent on coalescing incompatible parties to obtain parliamentary majorities.

  In thus summarizing a few happy highlights, I don't mean to minimize the vast extent of Greece's problems. It is the poorest country by a wide margin in Free Europe, and poverty is widespread. At best an annual income of $60 to $70 is the lot of many a peasant, and substantial unemployment plagues the countryside, cities, and towns of Greece. There are few natural resources on which to build any substantial industrial base. Some years ago I wrote here:

  Greek statesmanship will have to create an atmosphere in which home and foreign savings will willingly seek investment opportunities in the back ward economy of Greece. So far, most American and other foreign attempt have bogged down in the Greek government's red tape and shrewdness about small points.

  Great strides have been made. As far back as 1956, expanding tourism seemed a logical way to bring needed foreign currencies and additional jobs to Greece. At that time I talked with the Hilton Hotel people, who had been examining hotel possibilities, and to the Greek government division responsible for this area of the economy. They were hopelessly deadlocked in almost total differences of opinion and outlook.

  Today most of the incredibly varied, beautiful, historical sights of Greece have new, if in many cases modest, tourist facilities. Tourism itself has jumped from approximately $31 million to over $90 million. There is both a magnificent new Hilton Hotel in Athens and a completely modernized, greatly expanded Grande Bretagne, as well as other first-rate new hotels. And the advent of jets has made Athens as accessible as Paris or Rome–without the sky-high prices of traffic-choked streets of either.

  1.The title below that best expresses the ideas of this passage is

  A.Greek income and expenditures

  B.The improving economic situation in Greece

  C.The value of tourism

  D.Military expenditures

  2.Many peasants earn less than

  A.$60 a week

  B.$2 a week

  C.$1 a day

  D.$10 a month

  3.The Greek Government spends

  A.more than 25%of its budget on military terms

  B.More than its collects

  C.A third of a billion dollars in gold

  D.Less than 25% of its budget on military terms

  4.According to the passage, Greece has

  A.a dictatorship

  B.a monarchy

  C.a single majority party

  D.too much red tape

  5.Greece imports annually goods and materials

  A.totaling almost $700 million

  B.that balance exports

  C.that are paid by tourists

  D.costing $66 million

  难句译注

  1.Greece, economically is in the black.

  译文:希腊经济上说是赢利/富裕的。

  2.With very little export other than such farm products as tobacco, cotton and fruit, the country earns enough from invisible earnings to pay its needed, growing imports.

  译文:除了农产品,如烟草、棉花和水果之外,希腊没有什么出口货,但它从“无形的收益”中挣不少,足够致富所需的一切――日益增长的进口货。

  3.This washes out almost $400 million by which imports exceed exports.

  译文:这笔钱冲掉了进口超过出口近4亿美元的差额。

  4.So far most American and other foreign attempts have bogged down in the Greek government's red tape and shrewdness about small points.

  译文:到目前为止由于希腊政府那种繁琐而又拖拉的公务程序和对小事的精明,大多数美国和其他国家的尝试的工作都陷入困境。

  5.They were hopelessly deadlocked in almost total differences of opinion and outlook.

  译文:他们绝望地陷于意见和观点完全分歧的僵局之中。

  6.And the advent of jets has made Athens as accessible as Paris and Rome–without the sky-high prices of traffic chocked streets of either.

  译文:喷气式飞机的发展使雅典和巴黎、罗马一样很容易到达,却没有那两个城市的交通堵塞的接到的高昂代价。

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