MBA联考英语精彩文章推荐之中级篇(二)

考研教育网论坛   2009-06-29 14:24 【 】【我要纠错

The Tourist Trade Contributes Absolutely Nothing to Increasing Understanding between Nations

  The tourist trade is booming. With all this coming and going, you'd expect greater understanding to develop between the nations of the world. Not a bit of it! Superb systems of communication by air, sea and land make it possible for us to visit each other's countries at a moderate cost. What was once the 'grand tour', reserved for only the very rich, is now within everybody's grasp? The package tour and chartered flights are not to be sneered at. Modern travelers enjoy a level of comfort which the lords and ladies on grand tours in the old days couldn't have dreamed of. But what's the sense of this mass exchange of populations if the nations of the world remain basically ignorant of each other?

  Many tourist organizations are directly responsible for this state of affairs. They deliberately set out to protect their clients from too much contact with the local population. The modern tourist leads a cosseted, sheltered life. He lives at international hotels, where he eats his international food and sips his international drink while he gazes at the natives from a distance. Conducted tours to places of interest are carefully censored. The tourist is allowed to see only what the organizers want him to see and no more. A strict schedule makes it impossible for the tourist to wander off on his own; and anyway, language is always a barrier, so he is only too happy to be protected in this way. At its very worst, this leads to a new and hideous kind of colonization. The summer quarters of the inhabitants of the cite universitaire: are temporarily reestablished on the island of Corfu. Blackpool is recreated at Torremolinos where the traveler goes not to eat paella, but fish and chips.

  The sad thing about this situation is that it leads to the persistence of national stereotypes. We don't see the people of other nations as they really are, but as we have been brought up to believe they are. You can test this for yourself. Take five nationalities, say, French, German, English, American and Italian. Now in your mind, match them with these five adjectives: musical, amorous, cold, pedantic, native. Far from providing us with any insight into the national characteristics of the peoples just mentioned, these adjectives actually act as barriers. So when you set out on your travels, the only characteristics you notice are those which confirm your preconceptions. You come away with the highly unoriginal and inaccurate impression that, say, Anglo-Saxons are hypocrites' of that Latin peoples shout a lot. You only have to make a few foreign friends to understand how absurd and harmful national stereotypes are. But how can you make foreign friends when the tourist trade does its best to prevent you?

  Carried to an extreme, stereotypes can be positively dangerous. Wild generalizations stir up racial hatred and blind us to the basic fact—how trite it sounds! -That all people are human. We are all similar to each other and at the same time all unique.

  1.The best title for this passage is

  A.tourism contributes nothing to increasing understanding between nations

  B.Tourism is tiresome

  C.Conducted tour is dull

  D.tourism really does something to one's country

  2.What is the author's attitude toward tourism?

  A.apprehensive

  B.negative

  C.critical

  D.appreciative

  3.Which word in the following is the best to summarize Latin people shout a lot?

  A.silent

  B.noisy

  C.lively

  D.active

  4.The purpose of the author's criticism is to point out

  A.conducted tour is disappointing

  B.the way of touring should be changed

  C.when traveling, you notice characteristics which confirm preconception

  D.national stereotypes should be changed

  5.What is 'grand tour' now?

  A.moderate cost

  B.local sight-seeing is investigated by the tourist organization

  C.people enjoy the first-rate comforts

  D.everybody can enjoy the grand tour

  难句译注

  1.What was once the 'grand tour', reserved for only the very rich, is now within everybody's grasp.

  结构:within sb.'s grasp.某人理解/了解,为某人所能抓到的。

  译文:一度只有最富有者专享的“大旅行”现在人人都可获得。

  2.The package tour and chartered flights are not to be sneered at.

  译文:旅行社包办的旅游,包机航班决不会遭人耻笑。

  3.They deliberately set out to protect their clients from too much contact with the local population.

  译文:旅行社有意使他们的谷底和当地居民少接触。

  4.The modern tourist heads a cosseted sheltered life.

  译文:现代旅行者过的使爱护有加与世隔绝的生活。

  5.Conducted tours to places of interest are carefully censored.

  译文:有人指导下参观一些静电收到组织者――旅行社仔细的检查核准。

  6. A strict schedule makes it impossible for the tourist to wander off on his own; and anyway, language is always barrier, so he is only too happy to be protected in this way.

  结构:only too+形容词/分词=very非常

  译文:严格致密的计划值得旅行者不可能自己一个人到处闲逛;再说,至少语言总是个障碍,所以他对这样保护非常高兴。

  7. At its very worst, this leads to a new and hideous kind of colonization.

  结构:at one's worst在情况最坏的时候。

  译文:最糟的时候,这种保护会导致形成一种新型而又可怕的殖民现象。

  8. Carried to an extreme, stereotypes can be positively dangerous.

  结构:carried to an extreme (to an excess )如果做得过分。

  译文:如果走向极端,模式化的想法会非常危险。

  9. Wild generalizations stir up racial hatred and blind us to the basic fact.

  译文:野蛮(乱七八糟)的概括/归纳会激起种族仇恨,使我们对这基本事实视而不见。

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