A study of illusioinistic painting inevitably begins with the Greek painter Zeuxis. In an early work, which is the basis for his fame, he painted a bowl of grapes that was so lifelike that birds pecked at the fruit. In an attempt to expand his achievement to encompass human figures, he painted a boy carrying a bunch of grapes. When birds immediately came to peck at the fruit, Zeuxis judged that he had failed.
59.Zeuxis's judgment that he had failed in his later work was based on an assumption. Which of the following can have served as the assumption？
(A) People are more easily fooled by illusionistic techniques than are the birds
(B) The use of illusionistic techniques in painting had become commonplace by the time Zeuxis completed his later work.
(C) The grapes in the later painting were even more realistic than the ones in the earlier work.
(D) Birds are less likely to peck at fruit when they see that a human being is present.
The best argument for the tenure system that protects professional employment in universities is that it allows veteran faculty to hire people smarter than they are and yet remain secure in the knowledge that unless they themselves are caught in an act of moral turpitude-a concept that in the present climate almost defies definition-the younger faculty cannot turn around and fire them. This is not true in industry.
60.Which of the following assumptions is most likely to have been made by the author of the argument above？
(A) Industry should follow the example of universities and protect the jobs of managers by instituting a tenure system
(B) If no tenure system existed, veteran faculty would be reluctant to hire new faculty who might threaten the veteran faculty's own jobs.
(C) If a stronger consensus concerning what constitutes moral turpitude existed, the tenure system in universities would be expendable.
(D) Veteran faculty will usually hire and promote new faculty whose scholarship is more up-to-date their own.
A constitution is a formal statement of the aims and basic rules governing a club. It is regarded as a permanent law to be followed strictly until the group votes (usually by two thirds vote) to amend any provisions. You should think wisely and act cautiously in drawing up a constitution since it is regarded as binding. A long list of amendments indicates that the original constitution was weak. Examine the Constitution of the United States and then notice how few amendments have been added over the course of the years. Although this is a classic example of long-range planning and statesmanship, wisdom and foresight are necessary in drawing up any satisfactory constrictions.
61.A long list of amendments indicates that the original constitution
(A) was a classic example of long-range planning and statesmanship
(B) lacked wisdom and foresight
(C) was not regarded as binding
(D) was a satisfactory one
62.An amendment to a constitution usually requires
(A) a unanimous vote
(B) a majority vote
(C) a minority vote
(D) long-range planning and statesmanship
63.The Constitution of the United States with its few amendments
(A) is not satisfactory
(B) is weak
(C) is a typical instance of long-range planning and statesmanship
(D) was a satisfactory one
64.A constitution is regarded as
(A) temporary (B) informal
(C) binding (D) classic
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