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三大步骤抓住考研英语完形填空文章中心

   2009-04-16 08:47 【 】【我要纠错

  完形填空难,难于上青天。十分的题目,得分基本保持在3、4分左右,这样的得分率让很多考生都对考研英语完形填空失去了信心,也放弃了完型的10分,更有的辅导班老师讲课时,告诉学生完形填空可以统一采取选择一个答案的方法赚分。可惜啊,这样的方法怎么能从老师嘴里说出来?考研英语完形填空就真的这样难吗?即使难就没有办法攻克了吗?今天,考研教育网英语辅导专家就教给大家具体的解题步骤,让大家在解题时快速把握文章中心,让完形填空不再难!

  第一步:重点读文章的首句或首段

  首句之后的第二句往往也很重要,也可能是总述句的范畴,建议根据情况重点读。

  第二步:再重点读每一段的首句

  第三步:以上首句之外的分述部分,挑选分述中各句子中的一些重点词语,如谓语动词,形容词、名词等,进行综合分析。

  以上这三个步骤,第一步是核心,由于完型文章大都采用总分对照结构,一般通过文章的首句就已经能够读出中心主线了;如果有些文章的首句对文章中心主线表现的不是很明确的话,第二和第三个步骤可用来和第一步骤互相配合,进一步明确中心主线。

  例如:2003年完型文章:

  Teachers need to be aware of the emotional, intellectual, and physical changes that young adults experience. And they also need to give serious 21 to how they can be best 22 such changes. Growing bodies need movement and 23, but not just in ways that emphasize competition. 24 they are adjusting to their new bodies and a whole host of new intellectual and emotional challenges, teenagers are especially self-conscious and need the 25 that comes from achieving success and knowing that their accomplishments are 26 by others. However, the typical teenage lifestyle is already filled with so much competition that it would be 27 to plan activities in which there are more winners than losers, 28 , publishing newsletters with many student-written book reviews, 29 student artwork, and sponsoring book discussion clubs. A variety of small clubs can provide 30 opportunities for leadership, as well as for practice in successful 31 dynamics. Making friends is extremely important to teenagers, and many shy students need the 32 of some kind of organization with a supportive adult 33 visible in the background.

  In these activities, it is important to remember that the young teens have 34 attention spans. A variety of activities should be organized 35 participants can remain active as long as they want and then go on to 36 else without feeling guilty and without letting the other participants 37. this does not mean that adults must accept irresponsibility. 38 they can help students acquire a sense of commitment by 39 for roles that are within their 40 and their attention spans and byshavingsclearly stated rules.

  该文章的首句Teachers need to be aware of the emotional, intellectual, and physical changes that young adults experience. 教师们需要意识到青少年所经历的情绪、智力和身体上的变化。

  这个首句虽然大体揭示出文章的主题(FOCUS)是有关青少年应对变化的问题,但中心主线,如作者的态度倾向性等并不是很明确。其实,我们只要在之后的分述部分抓几个句子的重要词语,就马上可以明确这些:

  分述部分

  ……but not just in ways that emphasize competition……

  ……adjusting to……new intellectual and emotional challenges……

  ……teenage lifestyle is already filled with so much competition……

  ……there are more winners than losers……

  ……Making friends is extremely important to teenagers……

  ……A variety of activities should be organized……

  ……without feeling guilty……

  说明:此文系考研教育网原创文章,转载请注明出处!

  相关链接:基础薄弱考生考研英语初期复习方法推荐

        考研过来人倾情传授考研初期备考经验

        考研教育网考研英语词汇记忆方法汇总

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