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考研必备经济与生活类词汇及短语汇总(四)

考研教育网   2009-03-26 17:20 【 】【我要纠错

  C.

  擦边球 edge ball, touch ball

  擦网球 net ball

  采取高姿态 show magnanimity

  采取市场多元化战略 adopt the strategy of a multi-outlet market

  菜篮子工程 the shopping basket's project (program)

  参政、议政 participate in the management of State affairs

  沧海桑田 Seas change into mulberry fields and mulberry fields change into seas——time brings great changes to the world.

  What was once the sea has now changed into mulberry fields——the world is changing all the time.

  仓储式超市 stockroom-style supermarket

  草根工业 grass root industry (refers to village and township enterprises which take root among farmers and grow like wold grass)

  层层转包和违法分保 multi-level contracting and illegal sub-contracting

  差额投票 differential voting

  差额选举 competitive election

  茶道 sado

  查房 make/go the rounds of the wards

  拆东墙补西墙 rob Peter to pay Paul

  拆迁户 households or units relocated due to building demolition

  搀水股票 water-down stocks (ordinary stocks that can be bought by persons inside a stock company or a business at a cost lower that their face value)

  禅 dhyana

  产粮大省 granary province

  产量比1997年增加了2倍 the output has increased 3 times (registered a 3-fold increase; increased 200%)compared with 1997

  产品结构 product mix

  产权明晰、权责明确、政企分开、科学管理 clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific management

  产权制度、产权关系 property relations; property order

  产销直接挂钩 directly link production with marketing

  产业的升级换代 upgrading of industies

  产业结构升级 upgrading of an industrial structure

  长江三角洲 Yangtze River delta

  长期共存、互相监督、肝胆相照、荣辱与共 long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe

  长线产品 product in excessive supply

  厂长经理负责制 the factory director (manager) responsibility system

  畅通工程 Smooth Traffic Project

  畅销产品 marketable products; products with good market ; commodities in short supply ; goods in great demand.

  唱高调 mouth high-sounding words

  超高速巨型计算机 giant ultra-high-speed computer

  超前消费 overconsuming, excessive consumption

  彻头彻尾的反动政治势力 an out and out reactionary political force

  城市规划 city's landscaping plan; urban planning

  城市中年雅皮士 muppie(一批中年专业人士,附庸风雅,矫揉造作 cutesification,崇尚竟品至上 boutiqueification,攀比银行存款 bankification等摆阔作风,由middle-aged urban yuppie缩合而成)

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