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考研必备经济与生活类词汇及短语汇总(九)

考研教育网   2009-03-26 17:29 【 】【我要纠错

  G.

  改革开放和现代化建设的总设计师 the chief architect of China's reform, opening and modernization drive

  改进产业结构和产品结构 improve the industrial pattern and product mix

  该公司股票已经上市 the stock of the company have been listed (have gone public, have been launched)

  赶上或超过国际先进水平 catch up with or even surpass advanced world levels

  高举邓小平理论的伟大旗帜 hold high the greater banner of Deng xiaoping Theory

  各族人民 people of all nationalities (all ethnic groups)

  个体户 self-employed households /people

  个人所得税 individual income tax

  个体工商业者 individual industrialists and businessman

  公务员 public servants; civil servants; government functionaries; government employees

  股份合作制 the joint stock cooperative system

  股份制 the joint stock system

  股票热降温了 the stock craze has abated

  股市指数 the stock market (exchange) index

  股市指数突破1300点大关 the stock index broke the 1300-poit mark

  股指暴跌,跌幅7.8%,以14.3元探底 the index slumped 7.8 percent to 14.3 Yuan

  鼓励兼并,规范破产 encourage mergers and standardize bankruptcy procedures

  规模经济,减轻就业压力 to ease the pressure of employment (the employment pressure)

  国防科技 defence-related science and technology

  国际大都市 cosmopolis

  国家指定考试 government-mandated test

  国家主席/总理/副总理/国务委员/部长/省长/厅、局长/县长/处长/科长/乡长/村民委员会主任 president/premier/vice premier/state councilor/minister/governor/bureau director/county magistrate, county head/department head/ section chief/ head of the township/ chairman of the village committee

  国家公务员制度 the system of public services

  国内生产总值/国民生产总值 GDP (Gross Domestic Product)/ GNP (Gross National Product)

  国事访问 a state visit

  恒生指数(香港)宽幅震荡 the Heng Sheng index fluctuated violently

  获薄利 earn (make) narrow profits

  获厚利 earn (make, reap) substantial profits

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