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昆明理工大学2007年考研英语试题(八)

考研教育网   2009-02-18 19:15 【 】【我要纠错

  Passage 6

  Divorces in Japan have more than doubled, from just over 95,000 in 1970 to 206,955 in 1966, according to health ministry statistics.One in three Japanese marriages now ends in divorce.

  Atsuko Okano was in one of those failed marriages.Three years ago, she found herself alone in her 30s, with children to raise and a future full of question marks and social shame.But she also saw an opening-and became a consultant helping people like herself.

  My husband was cheating on me, she recalls.I did everything to bring him back to me but it didn''t work, so I dumped him. Such frankness is a major characteristic of Japan''s recently divorced-and a striking break with the past.

  Divorced people-particularly women-have long been looked down upon in Japan, where self-sacrifice and family stability are regarded as ideals.In the past, bored housewives remained bored.Philandering(逢场作戏)husbands philandered without being blamed.The security of the family unit was the most important thing.Now, young Japanese are increasingly choosing satisfaction in life over the demands of tradition, and more women are financially independent.As a result, Japanese divorce rates are flying.Experts attribute this to the erosion of a long-standing double standard that granted divorced men respectability, but branded divorced women as damaged goods.

  Over the past decade, growing numbers of highly educated and successful professional women have challenged that assumption by turning their backs on unhappy marriages and disregarding the taboo(禁忌)of divorce.The majority of divorce proceedings now are initiated by women, and statistics suggest that Japanese women are becoming more cautious about marriage in general.

  The average age for marriage in Japan has risen from 26.1 in 1970 to 28.7 in 1996.The average age for remarriage among women jumped from 33.2 to 37 in the same period.Arranged marriages have become less common as young people make their own choices.

  66.This passage mainly talks about the fact that, nowadays, Japanese women .

  A.are granted respectability after they get divorced.

  B.are becoming brave enough to challenge the taboo of divorce.

  C.still regard the security of the family as very important.

  D.are becoming more financially independent.

  67.It can be inferred from paragraph 2 that Atsuko Okano

  A.had some children to raise.

  B.was very confident with her future.

  C.was not greatly respected by Japanese society.

  D.might have found a job to help divorced people

  68.The word dumped(Par.3) probably means

  A.looked down upon B.had a quarrel with

  C.hated D.divorced

  69.Which of the following is NOT mentioned as the reason for the rising rate of Japanese divorce?

  A.Self-sacrifice and family stability are not much appreciated in Japan as before.

  B.More women can support themselves financially.

  C.Divorced men and women can quickly find their new partners.

  D.Young Japanese care more about satisfaction in life than their elders did.

  70.Which of the following statements about the Japanese is NOT true?

  A.The divorced women were regarded as damaged goods in the past.

  B.In the past, Japanese women generally stayed at home instead of going to work.

  C.Divorced men and women were treated differently.

  D.The divorce proceedings are now mostly started by men.

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]

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