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考研英语阅读理解解题思路分析(一)

中国研究生招生信息网   2008-05-01 11:17 【 】【我要纠错

  阅读作为考研英语分数比值最大的部分,历来都是考生们备战考研英语的制胜真经。然而,这部分分数却让不少考生“望分兴叹” .事实上,它并没有考生们认为的那么难,只要掌握了阅读理解的解题“必杀技”,就可以攻破出题人的“拳数套路”。

  对于考研阅读试题,由于客观试题本身对选项的要求——解的唯一性和选项间的不可争议性。而社会科学本身不同于自然科学,有非常明确的界限。命题人为了避免两者之间的冲突,所选文章通常具有以下两大特点:

  1.文章中心单一、突出,即整个文章的说明或论述均紧紧围绕一个中心进行。

  2.作者对所描述或论述的事物持有的态度褒贬分明(当然,客观描述某些事件的态度除外,因为作者态度是客观的,就不会有个人的褒贬之态)。

  文章的这两大特点也构成了考生在正确答题时的两条宏观主线(通常考生把握这两点足以保证拿下阅读试题中70%以上的分数)。

  如:

  When it comes to the slowing economy, Ellen Spero is not biting her nails just yet. But the 47-year-old manicurist isn't cutting, filing or polishing as many nails as she'd like to, either. Most of her clients spend $12 to $50 weekly, but last month two longtime customers suddenly stopped showing up. Spero blames the softening economy. I'm a good economic indicator, she says. I provide a service that people can do without when they're concerned about saving some dollars. So Spero is downscaling, shopping at middle——brow Dillard's department store near her suburban Cleveland home, instead of Neiman Marcus. I don't know if other clients are going to abandon me, too, she says.

  Even before Alan Greenspan's admission that America's red-hot economy is cooling, lots of working folks had already seen signs of the slowdown themselves. From car dealer-ships to Gap outlets, sales have been lagging for months as shoppers temper their spending. For retailers, who last year took in 24 percent of their revenue between Thanksgiving and Christmas, the cautious approach is coming at a crucial time. Already, experts say, holiday sales are off 7 percent from last year's pace. But don't sound any alarms just yet. Consumers seem only concerned, not panicked, and many say they remain optimistic about the economy's long-term prospects, even as they do some modest belt-tightening.

  Consumers say they are not in despair because, despite the dreadful headlines, their own fortunes still feel pretty good. Home prices are holding steady in most regions. In Manhattan, there's a new gold rush happening in the $4 million to $10 million range, predominantly fed by Wall Street bonuses, says broker Barbara Corcoran. In San Francisco, prices are still rising even as frenzied(a.狂乱的) overbidding quiets. Instead of 20 to 30 offers, now maybe you only get two or three, says John Deadly, a Bay Area real-estate broker. And most folks still feel pretty comfortable about their ability to find and keep a job.

  Many folks see silver linings to this slowdown. Potential homebuyers would cheer for lower interest rates. Employers would not mind a little fewer bubbles in the job market. Many consumers seem to have been influenced by stock-market swings, which investors now view as a necessary ingredient to a sustained boom. Diners might see an upside, too. Getting a table at Manhattan's hot new Alain Ducasse restaurant need to be impossible. Not anymore. For that, Greenspan&Co. may still be worth toasting. (2004.P3)

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