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考研英语阅读理解复习指导(五)

考研教育网   2008-05-04 09:34 【 】【我要纠错

  五、Aggressive Patriotism in Sports

  Some people believe that international sport creates goodwill between the nations. Others say that the opposite is true: that international contests encourage false national pride and lead to misunderstanding and hatred. There is probably some truth in both arguments, but in recent years the Olympic games have done little to support the view that sports encourages international brotherhood. Not only, was there the tragic incident involving the murder of athletes, but the games were also ruined by lesser incidents caused principally by minor national contests.

  One country received its second-place medals with visible indignation after the hockey final. There had been noisy scenes at the end of the hockey match, the users objecting to the final decisions. They were convinced that one of their goals should not have been disallowed and that their opponents'' victory was unfair. Their manager was in a rage when he said:This wasn''t hockey. Hockey and the International Hockey Federation are finished. The president of the Federation said later that such behavior could result in the suspension of the team for at least three years.

  The American basketball team announced that they would not yield first place to Russia, after a disputable end to their contest. The game had ended in disturbance. It was thought at first that the United States had won, by a single point, but it was announced that there were three seconds still to play. A Russian player then threw the ball from one end of the court to the other, and another player popped it into the basket. It was the first time the USA had ever lost an Olympic basketball match. The American players then voted not to receive the silver medals.

  Incidents of this kind well continue as long as sport is played competitively rather than for the love of the game. In the present organization of the Olympics there is far too much that encourages aggressive patriotism.

  tragic a. 1.悲惨的,可悲的 2.悲剧(性)的

  [联想词]

  dreadful a. 1.糟透了的,极不合意的 2.极端的,极其大的 3.可怕的,令人畏惧的

  pathetic a. 1.差劲的,令人生厌的 2.可悲的,可怜的,引起怜悯的

  disastrous a. 1.灾难性的,造成灾害的 2.极坏的,很糟的

  catastrophe n. 大灾难,灾祸

  destructive a. 破坏(性)的,毁灭(性)的

  comic a. 喜剧的,滑稽的

  incident n. 1.发生的事 2.事件,事变

  incidence n. [单]发生率

  incidentally ad.顺便说及,顺便提一句

  indignation n. 愤怒,愤慨,义愤

  indignant a. 愤怒的,愤慨的,义愤的

  [联想词]

  fury n. 1.狂怒,暴怒 2.狂暴,猛烈

  furious a. 1.狂怒的,暴怒的 2.强烈的,激烈的

  dismay n. 1.失望,气馁 2.惊恐,惊愕 vt. 1.使失望,使气馁 2.使惊恐,使惊愕

  hockey n. 曲棍球

  [联想词]

  versus prep. 1.以……为对手,对 2.与……相对,与……相比之下

  federation n. 1.联合会 2.联邦

  suspension n.1.暂停,中止 2.停止参加,暂时剥夺 3.悬架,悬置机构 4.悬浮液 5.悬,挂,吊

  disturbance n. 1.扰乱,打扰 2.骚乱,混乱 3.心神不安,烦恼

  [联想词]

  harassment n. 1.侵扰,骚扰 2.烦恼,困苦

  patriotism n. 爱国主义,爱国精神,爱国心patriot n. 爱国者,爱国主义者

  patriotic a. 爱国的,有爱国心的,显示爱国精神的

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