您的位置:考研教育网>  > 考研英语 > 复习指导 正文

2009年考研英语阅读理解A命题思路解析(七)

印建坤   2008-05-14 09:37 【 】【我要纠错

  模式三:

  第一部分:提出问题,该问题涵盖了两个方面(或者更多);

  第二部分:分别对这两(或更多)个方面进行分析和论述;

  第三部分:总结全文,其中包含了对以上所涉及的各个方面的概括。

  例文:2001年Passage 1

  Specialisation can be seen as a response to the problem of an increasing accumulation of scientific knowledge. By splitting up the subject matter into smaller units, one man could continue to handle the information and use it as the basis for further research. But specialisation was only one of a series of related developments in science affecting the process of communication. Another was the growing professionalisation of scientific activity.

  No clear-cut distinction can be drawn between professionals and amateurs in science: exceptions can be found to any rule. Nevertheless, the word ''amateur'' does carry a connotation that the person concerned is not fully integrated into the scientific community and, in particular, may not fully share its values. The growth of specialisation in the nineteenth century, with its consequent requirement of a longer, more complex training, implied greater problems for amateur participation in science. The trend was naturally most obvious in those areas of science based especially on a mathematical or laboratory training, and can be illustrated in terms of the development of geology in the United Kingdom.

  A comparison of British geological publications over the last century and a half reveals not simply an increasing emphasis on the primacy of research, but also a changing definition of what constitutes an acceptable research paper. Thus, in the nineteenth century, local geological studies represented worthwhile research in their own right; but, in the twentieth century, local studies have increasingly become acceptable to professionals only if they incorporate, and reflect on, the wider geological picture. Amateurs, on the other hand, have continued to pursue local studies in the old way. The overall result has been to make entrance to professional geological journals harder for amateurs, a result that has been reinforced by the widespread introduction of refereeing, first by national journals in the nineteenth century and then by several local geological journals in the twentieth century. As a logical consequence of this development, separate journals have now appeared aimed mainly towards either professional or amateur readership. A rather similar process of differentiation has led to professional geologists coming together nationally within one or two specific societies, whereas the amateurs have tended either to remain in local societies or to come together nationally in a different way.

  Although the process of professionalisation and specialisation was already well under way in British geology during the nineteenth century, its full consequences were thus delayed until the twentieth century. In science generally, however, the nineteenth century must be reckoned as the crucial period for this change in the structure of science.

  文章开头就提出了问题的两个方面,即科学发展的specialization(专业化)和professionalization(职业化)。

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]

◇ 编辑推荐
·2019年医学硕士辅导
·2018年考研大纲汇总
·2019考研公共课网上辅导课程
·2019考研管理类联考网上辅导热招!!
·2019考研英语全程班620元
·2019考研政治全程班580元
相关热词:考研 英语 阅读理解
 考研教育网官方微信

微信公众账号cnedu_cn

 网上辅导课程特色
  • 即报即学
  • 名师团队
  • 反复看课
  • 在线答疑
  • 移动教学
  • 讲义下载
  • 课后练习
  • 模拟测试
 24小时报名咨询

辅导课程

特色班精品班实验班
方案价格购买方案价格购买方案价格购买
    考研政治 方案 580元  购买 方案 1500元  购买 方案 3500元  购买
    考研英语 方案 620元  购买 方案 1500元  购买 方案 3500元  购买
    考研数学 方案 620元  购买 方案 1500元  购买 方案 3500元  购买

医学硕士

基础班强化班冲刺班全程班
方案价格购买 方案价格购买方案价格购买方案价格购买
    中医综合 方案 420元  购买 方案 360元  购买 方案 300元  购买 方案 880元  购买
    西医综合 方案 420元  购买 方案 360元  购买 方案 300元  购买 方案 880元  购买

管理类联考

基础班强化班冲刺班全程班
方案价格购买 方案价格购买方案价格购买方案价格购买
    管理类联考 方案 1600元  购买 方案 1600元  购买 方案 1200元  购买 方案 4500元  购买
    英语二 方案 900元  购买 方案 800元  购买 方案 800元  购买 方案 2700元  购买
    两科联报 管综+英语二(比单报 优惠1400元) 方案 5800元  购买