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考研英语常见同义词50组(三)

考研教育网论坛   2008-04-23 15:59 【 】【我要纠错

  31.闪光

  shine:The most general one.

  (闪耀)glitter:To shine brightly with flashing points of light.

  All that glitters is not gold.

  (发火花)sparkle:To shine in small flashes.

  It suggests uneven, bright flashes reflected from light-catching objects.

  We can see a diamond sparkling in the sunlight.

  (闪光)flash:To give out a sudden and monetary bright ray of light/

  To shine suddenly for a moment.

  (闪耀)glisten:To shine from or as if from a wet surface.

  His hair glistened with oil.The wet road glistened.

  (闪烁)gleam:To send out a bright light moderately, mildly not violently.

  A cat's eye gleamed in the dark.The lantern gleamed.

  (冒火花)spark:To send out small bits of fire.

  He was so angry that his eyes sparked furiously.

  (闪烁不定)flicker:To burn unsteadily, shine with an unsteady light.

  The candle flickered and then went out.

  glimmer:To give a very faint, unsteady light.

  The lights glimmered in the distance.

  (闪烁)twinkle:To shine with a unsteady light that rapidly changes from fright to faint.

  The stars are twinkling in the sky in the evening.

  glow:To give out heat and/or light without flames or smoke.

  The iron bar was heated until it glowed.

  (闪烁)glint:To give out small flashes of light, as the eyes of an eager person are supposed to do

  The sun glinted through the leaves after the shower.

  (眩光)glare:To shine with a strong light in a way unpleasant to the eyes.

  The lights of the car glared at me.

  flame:To burn brightly.

  You can see the burning log flaming.

  (冒火苗)blaze:To burn with a bright flame.

  the house is blazing.

  (闪闪燃烧)flare:To burn with a bright flame, but uncertainly or for a short time.

  The candles flared in the wind.

  dazzle:To make unable to see because of a sudden very strong light.

  The headlight dazzles.

  coruscate:(fml)to flash, sparkle.

  The sparks coruscated.

  scintillate:

  The gems scintillate.

  32.大

  big:Large in size, extent or important.

  large:Much bigger than average

  great:Very large, important, and good.

  great change / great writer / great idea.

  huge:Very fig in size, amount and degree.

  It stresses volume.(体积)

  a huge house/ make a huge profit.

  vast:Very large and wide, great in size or amount.

  It stresses area.(体积)two dimensional extensions

  It is a vast expanse of desert.

  vast plains/ vast majority / at vast expanse.

  immense:Very great in size or degree./very large or huge.

  It stresses three dimensional largesse.

  It implies immeasurableness.

  an immense palace/ immense importance

  The government will build an immense stadium.

  enormous:Extremely large./very large in size, amount or degree.

  It stresses not only size but degree.

  It implies abnormality.

  He earned enormous sums of money

  an enormous animal/ enormous appetite/ enormous amount

  tremendous:Extraordinarily large in size, amount or degree./ large or impressive

  It implies astonishment, terror.

  tremendous speed / tremendous noise/ tremendous amount /tremendous feeling.

  gigantic:Immense in size, on a very large scale like a giant.

  titanic:Very big or important.

  It refers back to the Titans, a race of giant in Greek mythology.It stresses force and power.

  We've made titanic effort to achieve our purpose.

  colossal:Very large indeed.

  It comes from Colossus of Rhodes a huge statue that is

  one of the wonders of the ancient world.

  It implies incredibility.

  33.感情

  feeling(s):It can refer to mind or body.It's either pleasant or painful.

  (感觉)sensation:(ucn)A direct feeling coming from the senses and conveyed to the nervous system by the organs of seeing, hearing, touching, tasting or smelling.Sugar gives a sensation of sweetness.

  (激情)emotion:(cn)Any of the strong feelings of the human spirit Love, joy, anger, hatred and grief are emotions.

  His speech had an effect on our emotions rather than our reason.

  (强烈的激情)passion:Strong emotions, strong, deep often uncontrollable

  feeling, esp.of sexual love, hatred or anger.

  The poet expressed his burning passion for the woman he loved.

  (情操 情趣)sentiment:(ucn)A tender or fine feeling as of pity, love, sadness or imaginative remembrance of the past.

  It's not a beautiful watch, but I wear it for sentiment because it is my father's.Admiration, patriotism and loyalty are sentiments.

  34.工作 职业

  work:(un)A very general one.

  job:(cn)Any sort of gainful regular employment whether

  permanent or temporary.

  He had a good jog in a bank.

  profession:It suggests a position that can't be gained without a considerable amount of higher education.

  It implies intellectual work, scholarship and mainly refers to three learned professions-law, medicine and theology.

  What do you think of the profession to be a teacher?

  occupation:What he is engaged in, either continuously or temporarily, for any purpose, whether of profit of amusement, learning.

  Can you find occupation suitable for his abilities.

  employment:(un)What one is doing, work done in service of another in order to make a living or get pay./temporary business,

  The government gives some money to the worker out of employment.

  vocation:(cn)A job which one does because one thinks one has a special fitness or ability or sense of duty.

  It suggests the people do it in order to help others not for the earning of a livelihood.teaching and nursing.Teaching children ought or be a vocation as well as a way of earning money.

  position:(fml)A job, post, usually involving professions managerial or clerical work, not manual.

  She got a position as a governess.

  He lost his position as steward.

  35.停止

  stop:The most general one.

  pause:To stop for a short time.

  He paused to pick up a stone.

  cease:To stop moving or acting.

  It implies a total extinction.

  They ceased(from)quarrelling.to cease fire.

  quit:To stop doing something and leave.

  It implies the meaning of voluntarily and completely.

  He quitted his school/job.

  halt:To cause to stop.

  It refers to the abrupt, decisive termination of movement.

  It implies the meaning of by authority or force.

  The soldiers halted for a rest.

  knock off:(infm)To stop

  terminate:To come to an end.

  The two countries terminated their relations.

  36.持久

  durable:Long-lasting

  It refers to the power to resist change, delay and wear.

  we must make a durable peace.

  (ever)-lasting:Continuing for a long time/unending.

  It refers to something that may end sooner or later.a lasting sorrow/ a ever-lasting friendship.

  perpetual:(strongest one)Lasting for ever or a long time.

  /uninterrupted happening often.It refers chiefly to an activity that is not susceptible to interruption.

  I'm tired of your perpetual complainants/chatters.

  permanent:Lasting for ever.

  The permanent of the treaty is in doubt.

  enduring:Lasting and continuing to exist.

  It implies great resistance to both time and change.

  37.旅行

  journey:The most general one.

  it is now usually used of travel by sand and often

  suggests the covering of considerable time or distance, and a direct going from a starting point to a destination, with no necessary implication of a return.

  travel:A passing from place to place, not necessarily in a direct line or with fixed destination.

  trip:(infm)It suggests the covering of shorter time or distance and a direct journey and implies an final return to the starting point.

  tour:A journey that returns to the starting point, and many places are visited generally over a considerable distance often by means of a circuitous route.for instance for sightseeing, inspection, honey moon, business.

  excursion:It emphasizes a temporary departure from a given place and specifies a return to it.It can point to a sea or land tour or to a short outing a short journey made for pleasure usu by several people together.

  voyage:A long journey on a ship or in a spacecraft.

  38.抓,握

  grasp:To take hold of something firmly usu using the whole hand.Grasp all and lose all.

  He grasped her by the hand.

  clasp:To hold something firmly and tightly with one's arms or hand round.

  The child clasped his doll protectively.

  clutch:To grasp something quickly and greedily.

  It suggests eagerness or an anxiety in seizing or grasping and may implies less success in holding.

  The mother clutched her baby in his arms.

  seize:To take hold of suddenly with force.The animal seized its prey.

  to seize sb by the hand/to seize something from sb.

  snatch:To grasp something quickly and suddenly sometimes secretly

  It suggests more suddenness or quickness but less force than seize.

  The thief snatched her purse and ran away.

  grab:(infml)It implies more roughness and rudeness than snatch.She grabbed his arms and pulled him out of the room.

  grip:To take a very tight hold of something esp.with your fingers or with a tool.

  He gripped the nail and pulled it out.

  39.看 凝视

  see:To experience with the eyes and it does not depend on what you want to do.

  look at:To use your eyes on purpose and with attention.

  watch:to look for some time at something that may move.

  gaze:To look long and steadily, often with the implication of

  wonder, admiration.

  stare:To gaze intently esp.with wide-open eyes as in amusement,

  admiration, wonder, deep thought, anger or fear.

  glance:To look at something quickly and briefly.

  glimpse:To see by chance, just for a moment.

  glare:To stare angrily, fiercely.

  It emphasizes hospitality or fear.

  peep:To look quickly and secretly or from a hiding place.

  peer:To look sharply and curiously with a narrowing of the eyes

  often a movement of the head forward.

  gape:To look hard in surprise, esp.with the mouth open.

  40.静

  quiet:Without any sound.A quiet person is not noisy or loud.A quiet street may have little or no traffic on it.

  still:Without any movement.

  An engine is still if it is not running.

  silent:Without any words.

  calm:Peaceful.A calm person is relaxed.He doesn't get excited easily.

  peaceful:(something)Gentle and restful and calm.

  It is very peaceful in the country.

  41.消灭

  destroy:To damage it so much that it is completely ruined.

  The enemy soldiers destroyed everything in sight when they captured the village.

  damage:To hurt or lower the value of something.

  The car was damaged in the accident.

  ruin:To destroy gradually, little by little.An object that has been ruined has lost all its value or usefulness, which can't be repaired or fixed.

  Moths ruined good woolen clothes by eating holes in them.

  spoil:To ruin something so it can't be used.

  Milk will spoil if it is not kept cold.

  demolish:To destroy big or substantial things such as buildings

  Many buildings had to be demolished before the new highway could be built.

  exterminate:To destroy in a big way or in large amount.

  wreck:To break it, destroy it, or spoil it completely.

  It usually refers to vessels or vehicles.

  42.结果

  result:The most general one.

  What happens because of something else.

  It indicates a strict causal link between the two events.

  The word may often suggest an earlier action

  deliberately taken to gain a particular goal.It suggests a unique or unpredictable one-time action.

  consequence:(fml)Something that follows from an action or condition.

  More often the word suggests a negative result or at least the negative concomitant(相伴的)of an otherwise desirable effect.

  Cancer is a consequence of smoking.

  effect:A special or particular result.

  It gives a more objective almost scientific tone and emphasizes a principle that underlies a chain of events.

  Did the medical have a good effect.

  43.表明 代表

  mean:The most general one

  show:To show that something exists or is true means to prove it.It refers to the agreed- upon ideas or thing that words or signs stand for.

  suggest:To cause to come to mind.

  It by contrast concentrates specifically on covert or

  implicit qualities or association in signs or language.

  It stresses tentative alternatives in meaning.

  He claims to mean one thing, but his choice of words suggests quite another.

  The sight of birds suggested a new idea for flying machine.

  indicate:To make a sign for/clear.

  It stresses a rough approximation of literal meaning.

  A high fever indicates severe illness.

  His answer indicated that I could leave.

  imply:To express indirectly.

  It stresses subtlety or complexity of association.

  His manner implies that he would like cone with us.

  Do you realize what his words imply?

  denote:To be a mark of.

  It specially refers to what a term strictly or literally means.

  The sign x denotes an unknown number.

  A smile often denotes pleasure.

  The sign = denotes that two things are equal.

  connote:(more formal and technical)It refers to all the possible associations that are implied or suggested by a term.Connote is closer in meaning to imply than suggest.signify:To be a sign of.

  It suggests a simple literal meaning and stresses any aspect of conveyed understandings.Sometimes the word is used especially to refer to the deepest import of an expression than to more obvious or superficial aspects

  He signified his agreement by nodding.

  A fever usually signifies a disorder of the body.

  symbolize:To represent by one or more symbols.

  It suggests a rich cluster of abstract concepts that are invested in a word, gesture or object and stresses a deliberate compression of complex idea into a concrete token that stands for them.

  The dove symbolizes peace.

  The sign + symbolizes addition in arithmetic.

  44.帮助

  help:The general one.to supply whatever someone needs or do whatever might be useful to him.

  assist:To co-operate with sb not taking an important part.

  He assisted the doctor in the operation.

  aid:(not followed infinitive)To help sb who is weak or is in

  trouble who wanted very much by adding your work to his in order to do something.

  The Red Cross often aids flood victims.

  45.获得 得到

  get:The most general one.

  obtain:(fml)It stresses the seeking out of something.

  gain:to get gradually.

  It indicates greater effort in the seeking process, forceful

  seizure.

  He gained the prize because of his good work.

  acquire:To get for oneself by one's own work, skill action piece by piece little by little.

  He acquired good knowledge of English by hard work.

  attain:To manage to achieve, to succeed in arriving at.

  He attained the position of minister.

  procure:It implies maneuvering to process something and suggests involved,

  contrived or even shady(unjust)dealings.

  46.礼品 礼物

  present:It shows a friendly and respectful attitude usu substantial things.

  gift:It shows something which is given voluntarily given without

  expectation of return or compensation.

  47.愚蠢

  silly:Foolish or childish

  a silly boy/story/fellow/question/mistake, silly remarks.

  foolish:Very silly or unwise

  a foolish act/child/old man, foolish people.

  stupid:Showing lack of good judgment or intelligence and not at all

  sensible.

  a stupid idea/mistake/person/act.

  48.地区 地域

  zone:A particular part of something or a particular place.

  area:A small or large part not thought of a fixed land division.

  A playground is an outside area.

  region:Usually part of a country usually large may or may not

  be thought of as fixed land division.

  A desert is a barren region.

  district:A fixed land division usually smaller than region.

  We live in Hongkou District of Shanghai.

  49.会议 集会

  meeting:The most general one.any gathering of several or many people in one place at a certain time.A meeting can be large or small, long or shirt.It is usually planned ahead of time.

  (年会)convention:An annual meeting of an organization or political group.

  (讨论会)conference:A meeting at which two or more people have an formal discussion and exchange views on a subject.

  (代表大会)congress:A formal meeting of representatives of societies or countries to exchange information and opinion.

  (集会)assembly:A group of people who have gathered together for a meeting for the purpose of being informed, being entertained or making group decisions.

  (协商会)council:A meeting of a small group of people chosen from a large group to serve as advisers or consultants.

  50.成就 功绩

  achievement:Something which one succeed in doing esp.after a lot of effort usually dangerous or difficult.

  The first space flight was a great achievement.

  accomplishment:The skill that people have required.It is something that took knowledge and, usually, hard work.When you have solved a hard arithmetic problem or learned to figure out, you can be proud of your accomplishment.

  Among his many accomplishments is the ability to play card tricks.

  feat:It requires more courage and strength.It applies to mental acts as well physical acts.

  Learning a new skill is a feat.

  exploit:An accomplishment that requires even greater daring and heroism than a feat.

  Old stories tell about the exploits of famous heroes.

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