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考研英语大作文各种命题形式应对策略

考研教育网   2008-10-31 09:22 【 】【我要纠错

  A.漫画作文

  a)典型的三段式文章b)各段写作内容相对恒定,务必掌握各段常用套话,如:描述图画、图画释义及发表个人评论的常用句型。

  B.图表作文

  三段式写作法:Para. 1.简要解释图表所示现象

  Para. 2具体分析说明该现象出现的原因

  Para. 3提出建议或做出预测

  C.三步法

  第一步:结合题目,快速阅读提纲,了解文章大意,看提纲结构是否完整(即:判断该提纲是否具备总-分-总的结构特征)

  第二步:将提纲中的每一个内容提示点转换成一个完整的英文句子,放在段首充当主题句。

英文段落基本结构

主题句
(Topic Sentence)



支撑句/拓展句(Supporting / Developing Sentence)



结论句(Concluding Sentence)

  Sample:

  Bicycles are very popular in China.(主题句)Almost every family in the city has two or three bicycles.(支撑句1)During the rush hour,you can see that thousands of people——man and woman,old and young——ride their bicycles to work and study.(支撑句2)That is why China is called“the kingdom of bicycle”.(结论句)

  第三步:利用相关的段落扩充方法将主题句扩展成段落(常见的五种段落扩充方法:例证法、列举法、因果倒推法、引证法、具体表现法)

  D:例证法

  We should know that he who seizes the right moment is the right man. If a farmer doesn''t sow his seeds in spring, he would be definitely unlikely to get crops in autumn. If Hellen Keller had rejected her teacher''s help,she might have been as ignorant as any other inborn blind. All these add up to a fact that a wise man never fails to grasp any chance at the right moment.

  E:引证法

  Opportunities are available to everyone. Just as a western saying goes,“Every dog has its day.” everybody enjoys opportunity sometime in his life. In fact,we just can''t find anyone in the world who never has his chance to succeed during his life.

  F:因果倒推法

  During holidays,the traffic in big cities is always particularly heavy. This is mainly because most citizens don''t have to work in these days and they ride their bicycles to the streets to do some shopping. Farmers in the country also flood into the cities by bus or by their own motorcycles. The streets are full of buses,taxicabs,minibuses and pedestrians. As a result,traffic jams often occur.

  G:列举法

  There are several reasons for the increase. Firstly,the open policy being carried out in the state has enabled many foreign laborers to come and work there. Secondly,the beautiful scenery of the small island has attracted many tourists and some of them have been permitted to settle there. In addition,the government may not have realized the necessity of controlling population.

  相关链接:考研英语大作文五大命题潜规则

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