If you were to examine the birth certificates of every soccer player in 2006''s World Cup tournament, you would most likely find a noteworthy quirk： elite soccer players are more likely to have been born in the earlier months of the year than in the later months. If you then examined the European national youth teams that feed the World Cup and professional ranks, you would find this strange phenomenon to be even more pronounced.（第一段）
[分析]同义结构：you would most likely find a noteworthy quirk= you would find this strange phenomenon to be even more pronounced,其中quirk=strange phenomenon,noteworthy=pronounced.同义结构的两个部分都是句子的主句：主语+谓语+宾语——you would…find…； you would find…,它们的主谓部分都一样,根据上述理论——相似结构的意义可能相似,那么宾语部分a noteworthy quirk与this strange phenomenon to be even more pronounced的意义可能相同。
What might account for this strange phenomenon？ Here are a few guesses： a） certain astrological signs confer superior soccer skills； b） winter-born babies tend to have higher oxygen capacity, which increases soccer stamina； c） soccer-mad parents are more likely to conceive children in springtime, at the annual peak of soccer mania； d） none of the above.（第二段）
This success, coupled with later research showing that memory itself is not genetically determined, led Ericsson to conclude that the act of memorizing is more of a cognitive exercise than an intuitive one. In other words, whatever inborn differences two people may exhibit in their abilities to memorize, those differences are swamped by how well each person“encodes”the information. And the best way to learn how to encode information meaningfully, Ericsson determined, was a process known as deliberate practice. Deliberate practice entails more than simply repeating a task. Rather, it involves setting specific goals, obtaining immediate feedback and concentrating as much on technique as on outcome.
Ericsson and his colleagues have thus taken to studying expert performers in a wide range of pursuits, including soccer. They gather all the data they can, not just performance statistics and biographical details but also the results of their own laboratory experiments with high achievers. Their work makes a rather startling assertion： the trait we commonly call talent is highly overrated. Or, put another way, expert performers—whether in memory or surgery, ballet or computer programming—are nearly always made, not born.（第四段、第五段）