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考研教育网名师钟平:考研英语阅读历年真题长句集锦(2)

钟平   2007-05-14 11:18 【 】【我要纠错

  21. Such large,impersonal manipulation of capital and industry greatly increased the numbers and importance of shareholders as a class,an element in national life representing irresponsible wealth detached from the land and the duties of the landowners: and almost equally detached from the responsible management of business.

  22. Towns like Bournemouth and East bourne sprang up to house large comfortable classes who had retired on their incomes,and who had no relation to the rest of the community except that of drawing dividends and occasionally attending a shareholders' meeting to dictate their orders to the management.

  23. The shareholders as such had no knowledge of the lives,thoughts or needs of the workmen employed by the company in which he held shares,and his influence on the relations of capital and labor was not good.

  24. The paid manager acting for the company was in more direct relation with the men and their demands,but even he had seldom that familiar personal knowledge of the workmen which the employer had often had under the more patriarchal system of the old family business now passing away.

  25. Among the many shaping factors,I would single out the country's excellent elementary schools: a labor force that welcomed the new technology; the practice of giving premiums to inventors; and above all the American genius for nonverbal,spatial thinking about things technological.

  26. As Eugene Ferguson has pointed out,A technologist thinks about objects that can not be reduced to unambiguous verbal descriptions: they are dealt with in his mind by a visual,nonverbal process……The designer and the inventor……,are able to assemble and manipulate in their minds devices that as yet do not exist。

  27. Robert Fulton once wrote,The mechanic should sit down among levers,screws,wedges,wheel,etc,like a poet among the letters of the alphabet,considering them as an exhibition of his thoughts,in which a new arrangement transmits a new idea。

  28. In the last three chapters,he takes off his gloves and gives the creationists a good beating. He describes their programs and,tactics,and,for those unfamiliar with the ways of creationists,the extent of their deception and distortion may come as an unpleasant surprise.

  29. On the dust jacket of this fine book,Stephen Jay Gould says: This book stands for reason itself. And so it does-and all wound be well were reason the only judge in the creationism/evolution debate.

  30. After six months of arguing and final 16 hours of hot parliamentary debates,Australia's Northern Territory became the first legal authority in the world to allow doctors to take the lives of incurably ill patients who wish to die.

  31. Some have breathed sighs of relief,others,including churches,right-to-life groups and the Australian Medical Association,bitterly attacked the bill and the haste of its passage. But the tide is unlikely to turn back.

  32. In Australia- where an aging population,life-extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their part other states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia.

  33. There are,of course,exceptions. Small——minded officials,rude waiters,and ill mannered taxi drivers are hardly unknown in the US. Yet it is an observation made so frequently that it deserves comment.

  34. We live in a society in which the medicinal and social use of substances (drugs) is pervasive: an aspirin to quiet a headache,some wine to be sociable,coffee to get going in the morning,a cigarette for the nerves.

  35. Dependence is marked first by an increased tolerance,with more and more of the substance required to produce the desired effect,and then by the appearance of unpleasant with drawal symptoms when the substance is discontinued.

  36. Is this what you intended to accomplish with your careers? Senator Robert Dole asked Time Warner executives last week. You have sold your souls,but must you corrupt our nation and threaten our children as well?

  37. The test of any democratic society,he wrote in a Wall Street Journal column',lies not in how well it can control expression but in whether it gives freedom of thought and expression the widest possible latitude,however disputable or irritating the results may sometimes be……

  38. During the discussion of rock singing verses at last month's stockholders' meeting,Levin asserted that music is not the cause of society's ills and even cited his son,a teacher in the Bronx,New York,who uses rap to communicate with students.

  39. Much of the language used to describe monetary policy,such as steering the economy to a soft landing of a touch on the brakes , makes it sound like a precise science. Nothing could be further from the truth.

  40. Economists have been particularly surprised by favorable inflation figures in Britain and the United States,since,conventional measures suggest that both economies,and especially America's,have little productive slack. 20. The change met the technical requirements of the new age by engaging a large profess signal element and prevented the decline in efficiency that so commonly spoiled the fortunes of family firms in the second and third generation after the energetic founders.

  21. Such large,impersonal manipulation of capital and industry greatly increased the numbers and importance of shareholders as a class,an element in national life representing irresponsible wealth detached from the land and the duties of the landowners: and almost equally detached from the responsible management of business.

  22. Towns like Bournemouth and East bourne sprang up to house large comfortable classes who had retired on their incomes,and who had no relation to the rest of the community except that of drawing dividends and occasionally attending a shareholders' meeting to dictate their orders to the management.

  23. The shareholders as such had no knowledge of the lives,thoughts or needs of the workmen employed by the company in which he held shares,and his influence on the relations of capital and labor was not good.

  24. The paid manager acting for the company was in more direct relation with the men and their demands,but even he had seldom that familiar personal knowledge of the workmen which the employer had often had under the more patriarchal system of the old family business now passing away.

  25. Among the many shaping factors,I would single out the country's excellent elementary schools: a labor force that welcomed the new technology; the practice of giving premiums to inventors; and above all the American genius for nonverbal,spatial thinking about things technological.

  26. As Eugene Ferguson has pointed out,A technologist thinks about objects that can not be reduced to unambiguous verbal descriptions: they are dealt with in his mind by a visual,nonverbal process……The designer and the inventor……,are able to assemble and manipulate in their minds devices that as yet do not exist。

  27. Robert Fulton once wrote,The mechanic should sit down among levers,screws,wedges,wheel,etc,like a poet among the letters of the alphabet,considering them as an exhibition of his thoughts,in which a new arrangement transmits a new idea。

  28. In the last three chapters,he takes off his gloves and gives the creationists a good beating. He describes their programs and,tactics,and,for those unfamiliar with the ways of creationists,the extent of their deception and distortion may come as an unpleasant surprise.

  29. On the dust jacket of this fine book,Stephen Jay Gould says: This book stands for reason itself. And so it does-and all wound be well were reason the only judge in the creationism/evolution debate.

  30. After six months of arguing and final 16 hours of hot parliamentary debates,Australia's Northern Territory became the first legal authority in the world to allow doctors to take the lives of incurably ill patients who wish to die.

  31. Some have breathed sighs of relief,others,including churches,right-to-life groups and the Australian Medical Association,bitterly attacked the bill and the haste of its passage. But the tide is unlikely to turn back.

  32. In Australia- where an aging population,life-extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their part other states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia.

  33. There are,of course,exceptions. Small——minded officials,rude waiters,and ill mannered taxi drivers are hardly unknown in the US. Yet it is an observation made so frequently that it deserves comment.

  34. We live in a society in which the medicinal and social use of substances (drugs) is pervasive: an aspirin to quiet a headache,some wine to be sociable,coffee to get going in the morning,a cigarette for the nerves.

  35. Dependence is marked first by an increased tolerance,with more and more of the substance required to produce the desired effect,and then by the appearance of unpleasant with drawal symptoms when the substance is discontinued.

  36. Is this what you intended to accomplish with your careers? Senator Robert Dole asked Time Warner executives last week. You have sold your souls,but must you corrupt our nation and threaten our children as well?

  37. The test of any democratic society,he wrote in a Wall Street Journal column',lies not in how well it can control expression but in whether it gives freedom of thought and expression the widest possible latitude,however disputable or irritating the results may sometimes be……

  38. During the discussion of rock singing verses at last month's stockholders' meeting,Levin asserted that music is not the cause of society's ills and even cited his son,a teacher in the Bronx,New York,who uses rap to communicate with students.

  39. Much of the language used to describe monetary policy,such as steering the economy to a soft landing of a touch on the brakes , makes it sound like a precise science. Nothing could be further from the truth.

  40. Economists have been particularly surprised by favorable inflation figures in Britain and the United States,since,conventional measures suggest that both economies,and especially America's,have little productive slack.

  翻译

  21.这样巨大而非个人的对资金和产业的操纵极大地增加了股东的数量和他们作为一个阶级的重要性,这是国家生活中代表不负责任的财富的一个因素,这种财富不但远离了土地和土地拥有者的责任,而且几乎同样与公司的负责任的管理毫无关系。

  22.像伯恩茅斯和伊斯特本这样的城镇的涌现是为了给那些数量很多的“舒适”阶级提供居住场所。这些人依赖于其丰厚收入而不工作,他们除了分红和偶尔参加一下股东大会,向管理层口授一下自己的命令之外,跟社会的其他阶层毫无瓜葛。

  23.这样的“股东”对他拥有股份的公司所雇用的工人们的生活、思想和需求一无所知,而且他们对劳资双方的关系都不会产生积极的影响。

  24.代表公司的花钱雇来的经理与工人及其需求的关系更加直接,但是就连他对工人们也没有那种熟识的私人之间的了解。而在现在正在消失的古老家族公司的那种更加家长式的制度下的雇主们却常常对他们的工人有这样的私人关系。

  25.在许多形成因素当中,我将挑选出这些:这个国家优秀的小学教育:欢迎新技术的劳动者们:奖励发明者的做法;而且最重要的是美国人在对那些技术性事物的非言语的、“空间性的”思考方面的天赋。

  26.正如尤金·弗格森所指出的那样:“一个技术专家思考那些不能被简化成能被清楚的语言描述的东西。这些东西在他的思维中是通过一种视觉的、非语言表述的过程宋处理的……设计者和发明者……能够在他们的脑中装配并操作那些还不存在的装置。”

  27.罗伯特·法欧特曾经这样写到:“一个技师会坐在杠杆、螺丝钉、楔子、轮子等等当中,就像一个诗人沉浸在字母表的字母中,把这些字母看成自己思想的展示,在这样的展示中,每种新的次序安排都传达了——种新的思想。”

  28.在最后三章中,他脱下手套,将神造论者好好地揍了一顿。他描述了他们的活动和战术,而且,对于那些对神造论者的做事方式刁;熟悉的人来说,神造论者的欺骗和扭曲事实的程度可能会令这些人有一种不快的诧异。

  29.在这本杰出的书的外纸封面上,史蒂芬·杰伊·古尔德写道:“这本书本身就代表理性。”而它确实是这样的——而且如果理性成为神造论/地化论之间的辩论中的惟一评判标准的话,一切就都好办了。

  30.经过了六个月的争论以及最后16个小时激烈的议会辩论,澳大利亚北部地区成了世界上第一个允许医生终止希望死去的绝症病人生命的立法当局。

  31.一些机构终于松了一口气,但是其他一些机构,包括教堂,倡导生命之权的团体和澳大利亚医学协会,尖锐地抨击这个法案,指责法案的通过过于匆忙。但是大势已定,不可逆转。

  32.在澳大利亚——人口老龄化,延长寿命的技术和变化看的社会态度,这些因素都在发挥作用一一其他的州也会考虑制定相似的关于安乐死的法律。

  33.当然,例外是存在的。在美国,心胸狭窄的官员,粗鲁的传者,和没有礼貌的出租车司机也并不少见。然而人们常常得出这样的观察意见,这使得它值得被讨论一下。

  34.我们生活在一种药品(毒品)的医学用途和社会用途都很广泛的社会里:一片用来止头痛的阿斯匹林,一些用来社交的葡萄酒,早上自己提提神所喝的咖啡,一支用来定神的香烟。

  35.对药品的依赖性首先表现为不断增长的耐药量,要产生想得到的效果所需要的药品剂量越来越大,然后表现为当停止用药后,令人不快的停药症状的出现。

  36.上星期参议员罗博特多尔质问时代华纳公司的高级管理人员们:“难道这就是你们希望能够成就的事业?你们已经出卖了自己的灵魂,但是难道你们还非要腐化我们的国家,威胁我们的孩子们吗?”

  37.“对任何一个民主社会的考验,”他在《华尔街杂志》的一个专栏文章中写到,“不在于它能够多有效地控制各种意见的表达,而在于这个社会是否能给予思考和表达的尽可能广泛的自由,不管有时候这种结果是多么的富有争议或令人不快…”

  38.在-上个月的股东大会上关于摇滚歌词的讨论中,莱文宣称说:“音乐不是社会问题的原因”,他甚至还以他的儿子为例。他的儿子是纽约州布朗克斯的一个教师,并用说唱音乐与学生们进行沟通。

  39.有很多用于描述货币政策的词汇,例如“轻踩刹车”以“操纵经济软着陆”,使货币政策听起来像是一门精确的科学。没有什么比这更远离实际情况的了。

  40.经济学家们对英国和美国的有利的通货膨胀数据尤其感到惊讶,因为传统的计量方法显示两国的经济,特别是美国的经济,几乎没有生产萧条的时候。

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