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考研英语完型填空解题方法(四)

考研教育网论坛   2007-11-02 09:13 【 】【我要纠错

  例如:1999年考研试题的45题-应用于动词的例子

  Successful safety programs may 45 greatly in the emphasis placed on certain aspects of the program. Some place great emphasis on mechanical guarding. Others stress safe work practices by (46 observing)rules or regulations. (47 Still)others depend on an emotional appeal to the worker. But, there are certain basic ideas that must be used in every program if maximum results are to be obtained.

  [A]alter[B]differ[C]shift[D]distinguish

  答案:[B]differ分析:45题所考查的动词处于本段的总述句中,既然分述所做的是“秉承总述的旨意”,我们通过分析分述的内容就可以倒退出总述的意思。通过分述可以总结出“3种都是成功的安全项目(主语)”做的动作都是“将重点放置于(谓语)”,“但所放置的点不同(宾语)”。由此分述总结出总述句的主语Successful safety programs所要做的动作(46题)就是“differ”。

  例如:2002年考研试题的21题-甚至可以应用于介词

  Comparisons were drawn between the development of television in the 20th century and the diffusion of printing in the 15th and 16th centuries. Yet much had happened 21. As was discussed before, it was not (22 )the 19th century that the newspaper became the dominant pre-electronic(23 ), following in the wake of the pamphlet and the book and in the (24 )of the periodical. It was during the same time that the communications revolution (25)up, beginning with transport, the railway, and leading (26 through the telegraph, the telephone, radio, and motion pictures (27 ) the 20th-century world of the motor car and the air plane. Not everyone sees that process in (28 ). It is important to do so.

  [A]between[B]before[C]since[D]later

  答案:between分析:解除本题所考查的介词处于文章的总述部分-“作者要在两个时间阶段之间做比较。然后说:但是很多事情发生了”。再去总结分述部分-“文章首段讲19世纪出现了许多信息产品”,正好支持总述的muchhadhappened,19世纪处于两个时间段之间,答案一定是between.

  对应成分分析法

  由于完型文章的上下文之间以及句子内部之间往往有着一定的逻辑关系,句子的各个成分之间便形成一定的对应关系,考生可以根据这种逻辑关系找出与未知填空相对应的已知成分作为线索,通过对应的已知成分推断出未知填空的答案。

  (1)应用于句子内部

  例如:1996年完型试题的第45题

  Vitamins are similar because they are made of the same elements- usually carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and 45 nitrogen.

  (A)mostly (B)partially (C)sometimes (D)rarely

  答案:(C)sometimes分析:本题是一个典型的可以应用“对应成份分析法”解出的题。可以看出,45题与usually形成对应关系:因为usually是频度副词,所以45题起码要选择频度副词,可以马上排除不是频度副词的选项(A)mostly和(B)partially.(D)rarely(很少)虽然是频度副词,但由于45题与usually之间是and并列的逻辑关系,而rarely与usually是转折对立的关系,所以不对。只有(C)sometimes,既是频度副词,又可以与usually形成并列的逻辑关系。

  (2)应用于上下句之间

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