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考研英语写作大作文之规定情景作文复习指导

考研教育网论坛   2006-12-04 16:22 【 】【我要纠错

  1.写作攻略

  规定情景作文也是一种控制性非常强的作文出题方式。一般不提供具体标题,仅仅规定一定的情景,考生必须从情景信息中找出所写文章的中心思想,并在此基础上确定文章的

  标题和段落结构。在写作过程中,考生应按照情景中规定的范围和条件并结合自己的知识和经历来休会、构思和发展段落,但不能脱离情景任意发挥。并且要注意文章必须合乎逻辑情理,段落之间的衔接要连贯和自然。规定情景题型写作要点:

  (1)规定情景写作要求考生在题目规定的情景内展开构思和组织内容。

  (2)仔细审题。考生一定要弄清楚题目所提供的情景,是说明还是论证,是叙事还是写景。

  (3)确定段落与主题句。主题句为一个完整的句子,用以概括、叙述和说明该段的主题。一般放在段首。使用主题句,文章结构会变得有条理,同时也使考生对自己所要表达的内容有更具体的把握。

  (4)逐步展开段落。确定主题句,考生便可以围绕主题句,展开段落,完成全文的写作。段落的展开应该建立在段落情景基础之上,每段的重点都应集中于描述情景规定内容。

  (5)考生的所用的每一个词句都应紧扣情景,突出重点,前后连贯,表达清楚,符合逻辑。

  (6)明确题型种类。情景写作可根据内容写成不同文体,如记叙文、论说文、书信报告等,故考生应该注意灵活运用相应文体的写作方法与技巧。

  (7)认真检查与修改。考生应重点检查是否完全准确地包含了情景所要求的各项内容,是否有与情景相悖或不相关的内容。如果一旦发现有出入,要及时修改。

  2.必背模版句型

  …… is becoming a serious problem. This is because……

  ……已经变得越来越严重,是因为……

  If possible,one may…… There are many examples of ……

  如果可能,一个人可以。有很多……的例子。

  I never think…… is a waste of time and money because, it is something that I truly wanted in my life.

  我不认为……只是浪费时间和金钱,因为这是我生活中真正需要的。

  Further more …… is the by-product of……, so we should……

  进一步地说,……是……的副产品,所以我们应该……

  As for me,this should not be……

  对于我来说,这不应该是……

  To be frank,I would like to support……

  坦白的说,我想支持……

  Personally,I would prefer……

  我个人比较倾向于……

  Yet differences will be found,that''s why I feel that……

  然而分歧依然还在,这也是我为什么觉得……

  We have no reason to believe that……

  我们没有理由相信……

  It is one thing to insist that……,it is quite another to show that ……

  坚持……是一回事,表明……是另外一回事。

  Recently the issue of…… has been brought to public attention.

  目前……的事情被广泛关注。

  It is high time that we put considerable emphasis on……

  已经到了我们必须对……予以重视的时候了。

  Aside from that,all laws and regulations against the pollution should be forcefully implemented.

  除此之外,一切关于防止污染的法律法规都应该强制执行。

  For now the world has a more urgent mission: to stop the planet from overheating,and do it in a hurry.

  眼下,世界正面临着一个更迫切的使命:必须立即行动,防止地球继续升温。

  Over the past decade, the issue of…… has risen to the top of the agenda.

  在过去的十年中,关于……的问题已经提到了首位。

  3.必背经典范文

  Directions: it is generally acknowledged that families are now not as close as they used to be. Give possible reasons and your recommendations.

  There is much discussion nowadays as to whether or not the relationship between family members is close or not. Lots of factors can be identified. Hereby I would like to present my point of view.

  Great changes have taken place in family life with the development of society. One of them is that the traditional family is becoming smaller and smaller. Many children have to leave their parents at an early age to study or work elsewhere. As time passes, they become emotionally estranged from their parents.

  In addition, the availability of various kinds of entertainment also diverts people from enjoying chats with the family members. Their free time is mostly occupied by seeing films, surfing the internet or playing computer games. Thus they have no interest in communicating with the other members of their families.

  In view of such alienation within families, I believe that urgent steps must be taken. Regular contact on the phone can bring care to those who live away from each other. Family reunions on holidays or other important occasions can make a difference as well. In a word, a close family relationship can surely be maintained as long as we realize the significant role it plays in our lives and attach importance to it.

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