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深度解析英语四级阅读真题

英语四级   2012-08-06 09:40 【 】【我要纠错

同学们好,我是北京考研教育网学校综合能力部的阅读老师吕永华,应综合能力拔高班的学生要求,现把刚刚过去的四级考试的精细阅读部分的解析和学生分享。

由于篇幅限制,本篇解析仅仅分析passage one。后续其他阅读真题的解析将会陆续跟上,欢迎同学持续关注。

一 2011年12月四级阅读真题第一篇文章的原文和翻译

Passage One

Boys’ schools are the perfect place to teach young men to express their emotions and involve them in activities such as art, dance and music.

男校是教会男孩表达情感和使他们参与艺术、舞蹈、音乐等活动的绝佳场所。

Far from the traditional image of a culture of aggressive masculinity (阳刚), the absence of girls gives boys the chance to develop without pressure to conform to a stereotype, a US study says.

一个美国研究表明,女孩的不在场可以给男孩提供一个机会去毫无压力地去和原型符合,这一原型绝对不是具有进攻性的阳刚文化中的传统形象。

Boys at single-sex schools were said to be more likely to get involved in cultural and artistic activities that helped developed their emotional expressiveness, rather than feeling they had to conform to the “boy code” of hiding their emotions to be a “real man”.

据说,在单一性别学校的男孩更有可能去参与一些文化和艺术活动,这些活动帮助培养他们的感情表达能力,而不是让男孩们感觉他们必须去符合隐藏自己情感的“男孩准则”,以便从而成为一个“真正的男人”。

The findings of the study go against received wisdom that boys do better when taught alongside girls.

这个研究的结论和人们普遍接受的看法不一致,按照人们普遍的看法,男孩在和女孩一起接受教育的时候表现会更出色。

Tony Little, head master of Eton, warned that boys were being failed by the British education system because it had become too focused on girls. He criticized teachers for failing to recognize that boys are actually more emotional than girls.

伊顿公学的校长Tony Little警告说,英国的教育体系正在伤害到男孩,因为它过分关注女孩。他批评老师们没有认识到男孩子事实上要比女孩子更加得多愁善感。

The research argued that boys often perform badly in mixed schools because they become discouraged when their female peers do better earlier in speaking and reading skills.

这项研究认为男孩之所以在混合学校表现得更加差,是因为在同龄女孩在说话和阅读上早期表现更加出色的时候,这些男孩感到了沮丧。

But in single-sex schools teachers can tailor lessons to boys’ learning style, letting them move around the classroom and getting them to compete in teams to prevent boredom, wrote the study’s author, Abigail James, of the University of Virginia.

但是在单一性别的学校,老师们可以将课程调整得更加适应男孩得学习风格,让他们在教室里跑来跑去,并且让他们小组竞争从而避免乏味。弗吉尼亚大学的Abigail James, 也就是本研究的作者如是说。

Teachers could encourage boys to enjoy reading and writing with “boy-focused” approaches such as themes and characters that appeal to them. Because boys generally have more acute vision, learn best through touch, and are physically more active, they need to be given “hands-on” lessons where they are allowed to walk around. “Boys in mixed schools view classical music as feminine(女性的) and prefer the modern genre (类型) in which violence and sexism are major themes,” James wrote.

老师们可以鼓励男孩用适合男孩的方法去阅读和写出能够吸引男孩的主题和人物角色的作品。因为男孩大体上来说会有更敏锐的视角,通过触摸的方式会学习更快,并且非常喜欢动,他们需要可以触摸的课程,他们可以走来走去。在混合学校的男孩们会把古典音乐看出女性化的,从而更喜欢充满暴力和性别主义主题的现代流派,James写到。

Single-sex education also made it less likely that boys would feel that they had to conform to a stereotype that men should be “masterful and in charge” in relationships. “In mixed schools, boys feel compelled to act like men before they understand themselves well enough to know what that means,” the study reported.

男孩一般会觉得他们必须符合男孩原型,即在恋爱关系中,男人必须是主人,必须处于掌控地位,施行单一性别教育就会使上述情形发生的可能性减少。在混合学校中,男孩还未理解表现男人气概的真实含义时,就已然迫于形式不得不表现得像个男人了。此研究报道如是说。

同学们好,我是北京考研教育网学校综合能力部的阅读老师吕永华,应综合能力拔高班的学生要求,现把刚刚过去的四级考试的精细阅读部分的解析和学生分享。

由于篇幅限制,本篇解析仅仅分析passage one。后续其他阅读真题的解析将会陆续跟上,欢迎同学持续关注。

一 2011年12月四级阅读真题第一篇文章的原文和翻译

Passage One

Boys’ schools are the perfect place to teach young men to express their emotions and involve them in activities such as art, dance and music.

男校是教会男孩表达情感和使他们参与艺术、舞蹈、音乐等活动的绝佳场所。

Far from the traditional image of a culture of aggressive masculinity (阳刚), the absence of girls gives boys the chance to develop without pressure to conform to a stereotype, a US study says.

一个美国研究表明,女孩的不在场可以给男孩提供一个机会去毫无压力地去和原型符合,这一原型绝对不是具有进攻性的阳刚文化中的传统形象。

Boys at single-sex schools were said to be more likely to get involved in cultural and artistic activities that helped developed their emotional expressiveness, rather than feeling they had to conform to the “boy code” of hiding their emotions to be a “real man”.

据说,在单一性别学校的男孩更有可能去参与一些文化和艺术活动,这些活动帮助培养他们的感情表达能力,而不是让男孩们感觉他们必须去符合隐藏自己情感的“男孩准则”,以便从而成为一个“真正的男人”。

The findings of the study go against received wisdom that boys do better when taught alongside girls.

这个研究的结论和人们普遍接受的看法不一致,按照人们普遍的看法,男孩在和女孩一起接受教育的时候表现会更出色。

Tony Little, head master of Eton, warned that boys were being failed by the British education system because it had become too focused on girls. He criticized teachers for failing to recognize that boys are actually more emotional than girls.

伊顿公学的校长Tony Little警告说,英国的教育体系正在伤害到男孩,因为它过分关注女孩。他批评老师们没有认识到男孩子事实上要比女孩子更加得多愁善感。

The research argued that boys often perform badly in mixed schools because they become discouraged when their female peers do better earlier in speaking and reading skills.

这项研究认为男孩之所以在混合学校表现得更加差,是因为在同龄女孩在说话和阅读上早期表现更加出色的时候,这些男孩感到了沮丧。

But in single-sex schools teachers can tailor lessons to boys’ learning style, letting them move around the classroom and getting them to compete in teams to prevent boredom, wrote the study’s author, Abigail James, of the University of Virginia.

但是在单一性别的学校,老师们可以将课程调整得更加适应男孩得学习风格,让他们在教室里跑来跑去,并且让他们小组竞争从而避免乏味。弗吉尼亚大学的Abigail James, 也就是本研究的作者如是说。

Teachers could encourage boys to enjoy reading and writing with “boy-focused” approaches such as themes and characters that appeal to them. Because boys generally have more acute vision, learn best through touch, and are physically more active, they need to be given “hands-on” lessons where they are allowed to walk around. “Boys in mixed schools view classical music as feminine(女性的) and prefer the modern genre (类型) in which violence and sexism are major themes,” James wrote.

老师们可以鼓励男孩用适合男孩的方法去阅读和写出能够吸引男孩的主题和人物角色的作品。因为男孩大体上来说会有更敏锐的视角,通过触摸的方式会学习更快,并且非常喜欢动,他们需要可以触摸的课程,他们可以走来走去。在混合学校的男孩们会把古典音乐看出女性化的,从而更喜欢充满暴力和性别主义主题的现代流派,James写到。

Single-sex education also made it less likely that boys would feel that they had to conform to a stereotype that men should be “masterful and in charge” in relationships. “In mixed schools, boys feel compelled to act like men before they understand themselves well enough to know what that means,” the study reported.

男孩一般会觉得他们必须符合男孩原型,即在恋爱关系中,男人必须是主人,必须处于掌控地位,施行单一性别教育就会使上述情形发生的可能性减少。在混合学校中,男孩还未理解表现男人气概的真实含义时,就已然迫于形式不得不表现得像个男人了。此研究报道如是说。

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