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考研英语模拟阅读理解部分附答案五

论坛   2012-07-02 11:19 【 】【我要纠错

In 1960-1961, Chad (乍得) harvested 9800 tons of cotton seed for the first time in its history, and put out the flag a little too soon. The efforts of the authorities to get the peasants back to work, as they had slacked off (松懈) a great deal the previous year during independence celebrations, largely contributed to it. Also, rains were well spaced, and continued through the whole month of October. If the 1961-1962 total is back to the region of 45000 tons, it is mostly because efforts slackened again and sowing was started too late.

The average date of sowing is about July 1st. If this date is simply moved up fifteen or twenty days, 30000 to 60000 tons of cotton are gained, depending on the year. The peasant in Chad sows his millet (小米) first, and it is hard to criticize this instinctive priority given to his daily bread. An essential reason for his lateness with sowing cotton is that at the time when he should leave to prepare the fields he has just barely sold the cotton of the previous season. The work required to sow, in great heat, is psychologically far more difficult if one's pockets are full of money. The date of cotton sales should therefore be moved forward as much as possible, and purchases of equipment and draught animals encouraged.

Peasants should also be encouraged to save money, to help them through the difficult period between harvests. If necessary they should be forced to do so, by having the payments for cotton given to them in installments (分期付款). The last payment would be made after proof that the peasant has planted before the deadline, the date being advanced to the end of June. Those who have done so would receive extra money whereas the last planters would not receive their last payment until later.

Only the first steps are hard, because once work has started the peasants continue willingly on their way. Educational campaigns among the peasants will play an essential role in this basic advance, early sowing, on which all the others depend. It is not a matter of controlling the peasants. Each peasant will remain master of his fields. One could, however, suggest the need for the time being of kind but firm rule, which, as long as it cannot be realized by the people, should at least be for the people.

21. In 1960-1961, Chad had a good harvest of cotton because .

A) the government greatly encouraged peasants

B) rains favored the growth of cotton

C) Chad gained independence in the previous year

D) Both A)and B)

22. We learn from the passage that the date of sowing cotton is usually .

A) on June 15th

B) on July 15th

C) on July 1st

D) on July 20th

23. As used in the third sentence of the second paragraph,daily breadrefers to .

A) breakfast

B)bread and butter

C)rice

D)millet

24. In order to help them through the difficult time between harvests the peasants have to .

A) sell cotton in advance

B) be encouraged to save money

C) sow cotton in time

D) plant millet first

25. Which of the following is NOT true?

A) Educational campaigns are very important to early sowing.

B) Of all the advances that the writer hopes for, early sowing is the most important.

C) Peasants should remain the masters of their fields.

D) Government might as well make good and firm rule for peasants.

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