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考研英语作文考前必背10大类万能句型

考研教育网整理   2014-12-01 10:54 【 】【我要纠错

一、图画/图表描述段

【示例一】

①From the picture (graph, chart, table, pie, bar), we know that______________ (图表内容总概括)。②On the one hand, the left/first picture tells us that______________(情况一,图一/表一的内容)。③On the other hand, (the right/second)picture informs us that______________ ( 情况二,图二/表二的内容)。④It can easily be seen that______________ (揭示图画/表寓意)。

【示例二】

①As is vividly shown/described/depicted in the cartoon/picture,______________(图表内容总概括)。②In the first picture,______________ (描述图/表一内容,如果是一个表,则可左或上半部分)。③As is shown in the second drawing/picture,______________ (描述图/表二内容,如果是一个表,则右或下半部分)。④It is safe to draw the conclusion that______________ (提示寓意,或主题句,回应主题但不是主题句的重复)。

二、意义阐述段

【示例一】

①Judging from the pictures, we can clearly infer that the drawer‘s intention is (主题句)。② (扩展句)。③For one thing/First of all/Firstly, (第一个层面)。 ④For another/Besides/Moreover/In addition/Secondly, (第二个层面)。 ⑤Thus/As a result/Therefore/Finally,______________ (总结句)。

【示例二】

①To begin with, the purpose of the drawings is to show us that______________ (主题句),yet the symbolic meanings subtly conveyed should be taken more seriously. ② (扩展句)is naturally associated with, to be specific______________(第一个层面)。 ③Besides/Moreover/In addition,______________ (第二个层面)。④As a result/Therefore,______________ (总结句)。

三、原因阐释段

【示例一】

①There are many reasons responsible for this phenomenon/case/instance and the following are the typical ones. ② The first reason is that______________ (理由一)。 ③The second reason is that______________ (理由二)。 ④The third reason is that/A case in point is that/The typical example is that____________________________ (理由三)。

【示例二】

①There are many reasons to explain/explaining the effect/phenomenon/case/instance. ②The most contributing one is/the main reason is no other than______________ (理由一)。 ③What is more,_________________ (理由二)。 ④____________________________ (理由三)also play a role in this case.

四、建议措施段

【示例一】

①Considering all these reasons/this situation/Confronted with such a problem, I think we need to take some positive measures. ②On the one hand,_________________ (方法/建议一)。 ③On the other hand, it is necessary for us to_________________ (方法/建议二)。 ④Thus/Only in this way, can_________________ (总结自己的观点/建议/态度)。

【示例二】

①In order to improve the situation/To sum up the above argument/Confronted with such an issue/problem, we should find several solutions to it/need to take some positive measures. ②On the one hand/For one thing, we should_________________ (方法/建议一)。 ③On the other hand/For another,_________________ (方法/建议二)。 ④Therefore/Thus/Only in this way, can_________________ (段落总结句)。

五、趋势预测段

【示例一】

① Accordingly, it is vital for us to derive positive implications from these though-provoking drawings. ②On the one hand, we can frequently use them to enlighten that______________ (主题)。 ③On the other hand, we should be sensible enough to_________________ (观点/态度)。 ④Only by_________________ (段落总结句), and only in this way can we have a brilliant future.

【示例二】

①The effects of which has produced on can be boiled down to two major ones. ②First, (影响一)。 ③More importantly,_________________ (影响二)。 ④Hence, I believe that we will see a_________________ (提出展望)。/Nevertheless, I do not think we will see a_________________ (或反面展望)。

六、举例说明段

【示例一】

①There are many cases/examples to explain_________________ (主题句)。 ②Take as a typical example./The first example is that_________________ (阐述例子),_________________ (可进一步阐述)。 ③The second example is that/In addition/Here is a counter example./Opposite case in point is that/On the contrary (第二个例子的内容或举一个反面例子)。 ④Therefore,/Only can____________________________(总结主题句/段落总结句)。

【示例二】

①_________________ (观点句)。 It can be best/well illustrated in/explained by(例子)。 ②____________________________ (阐述例子)。 ③_________________ (进一步阐述例子)。 ④Therefore,_________________ (段落总结句:进一步总结观点句的必要性和重要性)。

七、观点阐释段

【示例一】

①Nowadays, a heated debate about_________________ (主题) is under way in China. ②A close inspection of this argument would reveal how flimsy (groundless) it is. ③As a matter of fact,_________________ (进一步说明)。

【示例二】

①While the rhythm/pace/tempo of people‘s living is speeding up, one of the topics many city residents are discussing is_________________ (主题)。 ②As part of domestic modernization, needs to be developed urgently in china, for______________ (进一步说明)。

八、现象/现状说明段

【示例一】

①With the rapid advances of in recent years, has____________________________ (引出现象)。 ②However, has , as_________________ (提出问题)。 ③As a result,_________________ (指出影响),which has aroused close social attention from all walks of life.

【示例二】

①With the rapid development of science and technology (electronic industry/higher education), more and more people come to realize that_________________ (引出现象)。 ②It is estimated, over the past decade, that_________________ (用具体数据说明现象)。

九、利弊说明段

【示例一】

①Recently the issue of whether or not_________________ (讨论话题) has been in the limelight and has aroused wide concern in the public. ②There are two major arguments that can be made for. ③For one thing, can bring to (优点一)。 ④For another, it is widely hold that people usually when (优点二)。 ⑤But we must not lose sight of the fact that there are also drawbacks to , among which are____________________________ (列举缺点)。 ⑥For instance, it can be to (举例说明)。 ⑦In addition, many people find it (形容词)to (第二个缺点)。

【示例二】

①Some people are in favor of the idea of doing_________________ (主题)。 ②They point out the fact that_________________ (支持的第一个原因)。 ③They also argue that_________________ (支持的另一个原因)。④There might be some element of truth in these people‘s belief. ⑤However, other people stand on a different ground. ⑥They consider it harmful to do . ⑦They firmly point out that______________ (反对的理由)。

十、归纳结论段

【示例一】

①Judging from these figures, we can draw the conclusion that____________________________ (得出结论)。 ②The reason for this, as far as I am concerned is that____________________________ (给出原因)。③It is high time that we_________________ (发出倡议)。

【示例二】

① Taking into account of all these factors, we may reach the conclusion that______________ (结论)。 ②And with the above content, it will show more profound significance in______________ (进一步总结)。

考研词汇、语法以及标点也是不可忽视的细节。同学们在练习时,要注意写作讲究用词准确。同时,英语的词汇非常丰富,一个词语通常都有许多同义词和近义词。考生如果平时注意积累并加以练习,就能够熟练在考试中运用。关于标点,特别英语中没有顿号,在汉语需要顿号的情况下可以用逗号。

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