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考研教育网   2014-12-28 17:49 【 】【我要纠错

National Entrance Test of English for MA/MS Candidates (NETEM)
Section I Use of English

Directions:
  Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET.(10 points)

Though not biologically related,  friends are as “related” as fourth cousins,  sharing about 1% of genes. That is _(1)_a study,  published from the University of California and Yale University in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,  has__(2)__. The study is a genome-wide analysis conducted __(3)__1, 932 unique subjects which __(4)__pairs of unrelated friends and unrelated strangers. The same people were used in both_(5)__. While 1% may seem_(6)_,  it is not so to a geneticist. As James Fowler,  professor of medical genetics at UC San Diego,  says,  “Most people do not even _(7)_their fourth cousins but somehow manage to select as friends the people who_(8)_our kin.”The study_(9)_found that the genes for smell were something shared in friends but not genes for immunity .Why this similarity exists in smell genes is difficult to explain,  for now,  _(10)_,  as the team suggests,  it draws us to similar environments but there is more_(11)_it. There could be many mechanisms working together that _(12)_us in choosing genetically similar friends_(13)_“functional Kinship” of being friends with_(14)_!

One of the remarkable findings of the study was the similar genes seem to be evolution_(15)_than other genes Studying this could help_(16)_why human evolution picked pace in the last 30,  000 years,  with social environment being a major_(17)_factor. The findings do not simply explain people's_(18)_to befriend those of similar_(19)_backgrounds,  say the researchers. Though all the subjects were drawn from a population of European extraction,  care was taken to_(20)_that all subjects,  friends and strangers,  were taken from the same population.

1. [A] when       [B] why        [C] how         [D] what
  2. [A] defended    [B] concluded   [C] withdrawn    [D] advised
  3. [A] for         [B] with        [C] on          [D] by
  4. [A] compared   [B] sought       [C] separated    [D] connected
  5. [A] tests        [B] objects      [C]samples      [D] examples
  6. [A] insignificant  [B] unexpected  [C]unbelievable  [D] incredible
  7. [A] visit         [B] miss       [C] seek        [D] know
  8. [A] resemble     [B] influence    [C] favor       [D] surpass
  9. [A] again        [B] also        [C] instead     [D] thus
  10. [A] Meanwhile  [B] Furthermore  [C] Likewise   [D] Perhaps
  11. [A] about       [B] to          [C]from       [D]like
  12. [A] drive       [B] observe      [C] confuse    [D]limit
  13. [A] according to  [B] rather than   [C] regardless of   [D] along with
  14. [A] chances      [B]responses    [C]missions      [D]benefits
  15. [A] later         [B]slower      [C] faster         [D] earlier
  16. [A]forecast      [B]remember    [C]understand     [D]express
  17. [A] unpredictable  [B]contributory  [C] controllable   [D] disruptive
  18. [A] endeavor      [B]decision     [C]arrangement   [D] tendency
  19. [A] political      [B] religious    [C] ethnic      [D] economic
  20. [A] see          [B] show       [C] prove      [D] tell
  【参考答案】DBCAC ADABD BABDC CBDCA
  【试题点评】完型填空为了测试考生实际应用英语的能力和语感。具体说来,是从语篇的角度综合测试考生的阅读理解能力、词汇的掌握和对英语习惯用语的熟悉程度、以及语法规则的灵活运用。这部分大家一定要注重思路和寻找线索能力的训练, 一般做题的基本思路是,:根据已知信息去填空,根据空前后的线索来选择填什么。比方说,题目让考生填主句的内容,那么从句中就会有相应的说明。题目让考生填动词,原文常常在别的地方出现这个动词的同义词。那么如何判断呢?首先根据需要填写动词后面出现的宾语,找到有同一宾语的句子,该句中的动词就是所需填写词的同义词。具体相关知识点和解题思路在考研教育网冲刺阶段英语冲刺班的完型填空部分有重点讲解,在强化班完形填空及考研词汇中也有所涉及。

完形填空】【阅读理解】【翻译题】【新题型】【小作文】【大作文

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