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2014考研英语一真题:阅读理解(Text 1)

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2014年考研英语一真题。2014年考研英语考试已结束,考研教育网现将2014考研英语真题整理如下,供考生参考。

阅读理解:Text 1

In order to “change lives for the better” and reduce “dependency.”GeorgeOsbome,Chancellor of the Exchequer,inroduced the “upfront work search” sebeme. Only if the jobless arrive at the jobcentre with a CV. register for online job search, and start looking for work will they be eligible for benefit - and then they should report weekly rather than fortnightly. What could be more reasonable?

More apparent reasonableness followed. There will now be a seven-day wait for the jobseeker's allowance. “There first few days should be spent looking for work, not looking to sign on.” he4 claimed, “We're doing these things because we know they help people stay off benefits and help those on benefits get into work faster.” Help? Rellay? On first hearing, this was the socially concerned chancellor, trying to change lives for the better, complete with “reforms” to an obviously indulgent system that demands too little effort from the newly unemployed to find work, and subsidises laziness. What motivated him, we were to understand, was his zeal for “fundamental fairness” - protecting the taxpayer, controlling spending and ensuring that only the most descring claimants received their benefits.

Losing a job is hurting: you don't skip down to the jobcenter with a song in your heart, delighted at the prospect of doubling your income from the generous state. It is financially terrifying, psychologically embarrassing and you know that suport is minimal and extraordinarily hard to get. You are now not wanted; you are now excluded from the work environment that offers purpose and structure in your life. Worse, the crucial income to feed yourself and your family and pay the bills has disappeared. Ask anyone newly unemployed what they want and the answer is always : a job.

But in Osbomeland, your first instinct is to fall into depency - permanent dependency if you can get it - supported by a state only too ready to indulge your falsehood. It is as though 20 years of erer-thougher reforms of the job search and benefit administration system never happend. The principle of British welfare is no longer that you cna insure yourself against the risk of unemployment and receive unconditional payments if the disaster happens. Even the very phrase “jobseeker's allowance” is about redefining rhe unemployed as a “jobseeker” who had no fundamental right to a benefit he or she has earned through making national insurance contributions. Instead, the claimant receives a time-limited “allowance,” conditional on actively seeking a job; no entitlement and no insurance, at $71.70 a week, one of the least generous in the EU.

21. George Osborue's scheme was intended to

[A]provide the unemployed with easier access to benefits.

[B]encourage jobseekers active engagement in job seeking.

[C]motivate the unemployed to report voluntarily.

[D]guarantee jobseekers legitimate right to benefits.

22. The phrase “to sign on ”most probably means

[A] to check on the availability of jobs at the jobcentre.

[B]to accept the government's restriction on the allowance.

[C]to register for an allowance form the government.

[D]to attend a government job-training program.

23. What prompted the chancellor to develop his scheme?

[A]A desire to secure a better life for all

[B]An eagerness to protect the unemployed.

[C] An urge to be generous to the claimants.

[D]A passion to ensure fairness for taxpayers.

24.According to Paragraph 3,being unemployed makes one feel

[A]uneasy

[B]enraged

[C]insulted

[D]guilty

25.To which of the following would the author most probably agree?

[A]The British welfare system indulges jobseekers laziness.

[B]Osborne's reforms will reduce the risk of unemployment.

[C]The jobseekers' allowance has met their actual needs.

[D]Unemployment benefits should not be made conditional.

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