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2014考研英语二真题:阅读理解(Text 2)

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2014年考研英语二真题。2014年考研英语考试已结束,考研教育网现将2014考研英语答案整理如下,供考生参考。

阅读理解:Text 2

An article in Scientific America has pointed out that empirical research says that,actually,you think you‘re more beautiful than you are.We have a deep-seated need to feel good about ourselves and we naturally employ a number of self-enhancing strategies to research into what the call the“above average effect”,or“illusory superiority”,and shown that,for example,70%of us rate ourselves as above average in leadership,93%in driving and 85%at getting on well with others—all obviously statistical impossibilities.

We rose tint our memories and put ourselves into self-affirming situations.We become defensive when criticized,and apply negative stereotypes to others to boost our own esteem,we stalk around thinking we‘re hot stuff.

Psychologist and behavioral scientist Nicholas Epley oversaw a key studying into self-enhancement and attractiveness.Rather that have people simply rate their beauty compress with others,he asked them to identify an original photogragh of themselves‘from a lineup including versions that had been altered to appear more and less attractive.Visual recognition,reads the study,is“an automatic psychological process occurring rapidly and intuitively with little or no apparent conscious deliberation”。If the subjects quickly chose a falsely flattering image-which must did-they genuinely believed it was really how they looked.Epley found no significant gender difference in responses.Nor was there any evidence that,those who self-enhance the must(that is,the participants who thought the most positively doctored picture were real)were doing so to make up for profound insecurities.In fact those who thought that the images higher up the attractiveness scale were real directly corresponded with those who showed other makers for having higher self-esteem.“I don’t think the findings that we having have are any evidence of personal delusion”,says Epley.“It‘s a reflection simply of people generally thinking well of themselves’。If you are depressed,you won‘t be self-enhancing.Knowing the results of Epley’s study,it makes sense that why people heat photographs of themselves Viscerally-on one level,they don‘t even recognise the person in the picture as themselves,Facebook therefore,is a self-enhancer’s paradise,where people can share only the most flattering photos,the cream of their wit,style,beauty,intellect and lifestyle it‘s not that people’s profiles are dishonest,says catalina toma of Wiscon—Madison university,”but they portray an idealized version of themselves.

26.According to the first paragraph,social psychologist have found that______.

[A]our self-ratings are unrealistically high

[B]illusory superiority is baseless effect

[C]our need for leadership is unnatural

[D]self-enhancing strategies are ineffective

27.Visual recognition is believed to be people‘s______

[A]rapid watching

[B]conscious choice

[C]intuitive response

[D]automatic self-defence

28.Epley found that people with higher self-esteem tended to______

[A]underestimate their insecurities

[B]believe in their attractiveness

[C]cover up their depressions

[D]oversimplify their illusions

29.The word“Viscerally”(Line 2,para.5)is closest in meaning to_____.

[A]instinctively

[B]occasionally

[C]particularly

[D]aggressively

30.It can be inferred that Facebook is self-enhancer‘s paradise because people can_____.

[A]present their dishonest profiles

[B]define their traditional life styles

[C]share their intellectual pursuits

[D]withhold their unflattering sides

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